Transportation and Infrastructure
MetalsResearch describing how grains that make up metal form could lead to the production of stronger, lighter metal alloys
Synthesis and ProcessingNew batteries for non-polluting electric airplanes
CeramicsNew shape memory material that could be used in movement-controlling actuators in jet engines
Research describing how grains that make up metal form could lead to the production of stronger, lighter metal alloys
New batteries for non-polluting electric airplanes
New shape memory material that could be used in movement-controlling actuators in jet engines
Building the Future
Roads, rails, planes, and buildings are all made of complex materials, with critical needs related to climate, weight, cost, and other factors. DMSE research is forming the basis for stronger metal alloys that could be used to make lighter and more durable components for aircraft or cars. It is exploring the potential of new shape-memory materials, which can change from one shape to another simply by being warmed, in actuators that direct airflow inside aircraft engines. And projects are underway to develop batteries for electric planes, a step toward eliminating greenhouse gas emissions from air travel.
DMSE researchers are working on a battery that would enable regional commuter flights that don’t burn fuel.
Materials Research Drives Progress
DMSE researchers are making an indelible mark on transportation and infrastructure. Work is being done today to design stronger steels with the help of computers—a field pioneered at MIT called computational materials design. Researchers have devised an innovative synthesis method to make cement without greenhouse gas emissions. Yet others are exploring ways of making other construction materials from industrial waste.
3D printed structures for modeling the Young’s modulus of bamboo parenchyma
Devised an alternative approach to test the mechanical properties of the various tissues in bamboo. The new method involves enlarging the tissues’ microstructure into 3-D printed models so tests can be conducted more effectively.
Low-hysteresis shape-memory ceramics designed by multimode modeling
Created a category of shape-memory materials from ceramics that can operate at higher temperatures without sustaining much damage.