X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study of Structure and Stability of Disordered (Cu SnS ) (ZnS) Alloys

TitleX-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study of Structure and Stability of Disordered (Cu SnS ) (ZnS) Alloys
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSiah, SC, Jaramillo, R, Chakraborty, R, Erslev, PT, Sun, C, Weng, T, Toney, MF, Teeter, G, Buonassisi, T
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Volume5
Issue1
Pagination372 - 377
Date Published2015/01//
ISBN Number2156-3381
KeywordsAmorphous Materials, Annealing, Chalcogenides, CZTS, X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
Abstract

Secondary phase segregation is hypothesized to have detrimental impacts on Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin-film solar cells. In this study, we demonstrate the potential of using kinetic stabilization to inhibit phase decomposition in CZTS. By growing CZTS films at low temperature, we achieve a kinetically stabilized alloy with an expanded solid solution window in the pseudoternary CuS–ZnS–SnS phase diagram. Using X-ray absorption spectroscopy, we study the structural evolution and stability of this metastable alloy upon annealing. For near-stoichiometric samples, we observe a continuous emergence of short-range order toward crystalline CZTS that is nearly complete after a 1-min anneal at 450 °C. For Zn-rich samples, we detect precipitation of ZnS upon annealing, which suggests that the excess Zn exists as cation antisite defects in metastable CZTS.