Sustained, low-dose intraperitoneal cisplatin improves treatment outcome in ovarian cancer mouse models

TitleSustained, low-dose intraperitoneal cisplatin improves treatment outcome in ovarian cancer mouse models
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsYe, H, Tanenbaum, LM, Na, YJeong, Mantzavinou, A, Fulci, G, del Carmen, MG, Birrer, MJ, Cima, MJ
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume220
Pagination358 - 367
Date Published2015/12/28/
Abstract

Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy for ovarian cancer treatment prolongs overall survival by 16 months compared to intravenous chemotherapy but is not widely practiced due to catheter-related complications and complexity of administration. An implantable, nonresorbable IP microdevice was used to release chemotherapeutic agent at a constant rate of approximately 1.3 mu/h in vitro and 1.0 mu g/h in vivo. Studies conducted in two orthotopic murine models bearing human xenografts (SKOV3 and UCI101) demonstrate that continuous dosing reduces tumor burden to the same extent as weekly IP bolus drug injections. Treatment-induced toxicity was quantified via body weight loss and complete blood count. The microdevice resulted in significantly less toxicity than IP bolus injections, despite administration of higher cumulative doses (total area under the concentration-time curve of 3049 ng day/mLwith the microdevice vs. 2118 ng-day/mL with IP bolus injections). This preclinical study supports the concept that reduced toxicity with similar efficacy outcomes can be achieved by continuous dosing in ovarian cancer patients currently treated with IP therapy. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.