Nanoporous graphene as a reverse osmosis membrane: Recent insights from theory and simulation

TitleNanoporous graphene as a reverse osmosis membrane: Recent insights from theory and simulation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCohen-Tanugi, D, Grossman, JC
JournalDesalination
Volume366
Pagination59 - 70
Date Published2015/06/15/
Abstract

In this review, we examine the potential and the challenges of designing an ultrathin reverse osmosis (RO) membrane from graphene, focusing on the role of computational methods in designing, understanding, and optimizing the relationship between atomic structure and RO performance. In recent years, graphene has emerged as a promising material for improving the performance of RO. Beginning at the atomic scale and extending to the RO plant scale, we review applications of computational research that have explored the structure, properties and potential performance of nanoporous graphene in the context of RO desalination. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.