Yang Shao-Horn

  • W.M. Keck Professor of Energy
  • 1992, B.S., Beijing University of Technology
  • 1998, Ph.D., Michigan Technological University

CV

Electrochemistry; Energy Storage; Materials Chemistry; Nanotechnology; Surfaces, Interfaces, and Thin Films

Yang Shao-Horn

Research

Yang Shao-Horn studies materials for electrochemical and photoelectrochemical energy storage and conversion, which is centered on examining the influence of surface chemistry and electronic structures of thin films and nanomaterials on lithium storage and catalytic activity of small molecules of energy consequence, and applying fundamental understanding in reaction mechanisms to design new materials for lithium storage and electrocatalysis of oxygen reduction, water splitting, methanol oxidation and CO2 reduction.

Recent News

Extending the life of low-cost, compact, lightweight batteries

Metal-air batteries are one of the lightest and most compact types of batteries available, but they can have a major limitation: When not in use, they degrade quickly, as corrosion eats away at their metal electrodes. Now, MIT researchers have found a way to substantially reduce that corrosion,…   more

Transparent Graphene

The vast majority of computing devices today are made from silicon, the second most abundant element on Earth, after oxygen. Silicon can be found in various forms in rocks, clay, sand, and soil. And while it is not the best semiconducting material that exists on the planet, it is by far the most…   more

Shao-Horn wins 2018 RSC Faraday Medal

Yang Shao-Horn is W.M. Keck Professor of Energy at MIT and the first female winner of this prestigious medal. Her research is centered on exploiting chemical/materials physics and physical/materials chemistry principles at interface and in bulk to design materials/processes and control the…   more

A new way to find better battery materials

A new approach to analyzing and designing new ion conductors — a key component of rechargeable batteries — could accelerate the development of high-energy lithium batteries, and possibly other energy storage and delivery devices such as fuel cells, researchers say. The new approach relies…   more

Researchers clarify mystery about proposed battery material

Battery researchers agree that one of the most promising possibilities for future battery technology is the lithium-air (or lithium-oxygen) battery, which could provide three times as much power for a given weight as today’s leading technology, lithium-ion batteries. But tests of various…   more

DMSE Leads Largest Project in $35M Toyata Grant

"Three MIT-affiliated research teams will receive about $10M in funding as part of a $35M materials science discovery program launched by the Toyota Research Institute (TRI)." - MIT News Professors Jeffrey Grossman and Yang Shao-Horn will lead the largest funded project focused on the…   more

Publications

2018

D. Perego, Heng, J. S. T., Wang, X., Shao-Horn, Y., and Thompson, C. V., “High-performance polycrystalline RuOx cathodes for thin film Li-ion batteries”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 283. pp. 228-233, 2018.
P. A. Linford, Xu, L., Huang, B., Shao-Horn, Y., and Thompson, C. V., “Multi-cell thermogalvanic systems for harvesting energy from cyclic temperature changes”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 399. pp. 429-435, 2018.
W. Kong et al., “Polarity governs atomic interaction through two-dimensional materials”, Nature Materials, vol. 17. pp. 999-1004, 2018.

2017

R. Tatara et al., “Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Highly Concentrated Electrolyte Solutions of Lithium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide/Dimethyl Sulfoxide”, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 121. pp. 9162-9172, 2017.
R. Tatara et al., “Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Highly Concentrated Electrolyte Solutions of Lithium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide/Dimethyl Sulfoxide”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 121. pp. 9162-9172, 2017.

2016

S. Y. Sayed et al., “Revealing instability and irreversibility in nonaqueous sodium\textendashO 2 battery chemistry”, Chem. Commun., vol. 523911621114461163119751512661681761584167155119119. pp. 9691-9694, 2016.
D. G. Kwabi, Batcho, T. P., Feng, S., Giordano, L., Thompson, C. V., and Shao-Horn, Y., “The effect of water on discharge product growth and chemistry in Li-O-2 batteries”, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 18. pp. 24944-24953, 2016.
L. Giordano et al., “pH dependence of OER activity of oxides: Current and future perspectives”, Catalysis Today, vol. 262. pp. 2-10, 2016.
D. G. Kwabi, Bryantsev, V. S., Batcho, T. P., Itkis, D. M., Thompson, C. V., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Experimental and Computational Analysis of the Solvent-Dependent O-2/Li+-O-2(-) Redox Couple: Standard Potentials, Coupling Strength, and Implications for Lithium-Oxygen Batteries”, Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, vol. 55. pp. 3129-3134, 2016.
A. Grimaud, Hong, W. T., Shao-Horn, Y., and Tarascon, J. -M., “Anionic redox processes for electrochemical devices”, Nature Materials, vol. 15. pp. 121-126, 2016.
Y. -L. Lee, Lee, D., Wang, X. R., Lee, H. N., Morgan, D., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Kinetics of Oxygen Surface Exchange on Epitaxial Ruddlesden-Popper Phases and Correlations to First-Principles Descriptors”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 7. pp. 244-249, 2016.
W. T. Hong, Welsch, R. E., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Descriptors of Oxygen-Evolution Activity for Oxides: A Statistical Evaluation”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 120. pp. 78-86, 2016.
J. C. Bachman et al., “Inorganic Solid-State Electrolytes for Lithium Batteries: Mechanisms and Properties Governing Ion Conduction”, Chemical Reviews, vol. 116. pp. 140-162, 2016.
K. Mezghani, Hamza, A., Habib, M. A., Lee, D., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Effect of microstructure and thickness on oxygen permeation of La2NiO4+delta membranes”, Ceramics International, vol. 42. pp. 666-672, 2016.
J. -I. Jung et al., “Optimizing nanoparticle perovskite for bifunctional oxygen electrocatalysis”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 9. pp. 176-183, 2016.
R. A. Quinlan, Lu, Y. -C., Kwabi, D., Shao-Horn, Y., and Mansour, A. N., “XPS Investigation of the Electrolyte Induced Stabilization of LiCoO2 and "AlPO4"-Coated LiCoO2 Composite Electrodes”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 163. pp. A300 - A308, 2016.
D. G. Kwabi, lodziecki, \l \, Pour, N., Itkis, D. M., Thompson, C. V., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Controlling Solution-Mediated Reaction Mechanisms of Oxygen Reduction Using Potential and Solvent for Aprotic Lithium--Oxygen Batteries”, The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 7. pp. 1204-1212, 2016.

2015

M. Gauthier et al., “Electrode-Electrolyte Interface in Li-Ion Batteries: Current Understanding and New Insights”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 6. pp. 4653-4672, 2015.
K. A. Stoerzinger, Hong, W. T., Crumlin, E. J., Bluhm, H., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Insights into Electrochemical Reactions from Ambient Pressure Photoelectron Spectroscopy”, Accounts of Chemical Research, vol. 48. pp. 2976-2983, 2015.
I. E. L. Stephens, Elias, J. S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “The importance of being together”, Science, vol. 350. pp. 164-165, 2015.
K. A. Stoerzinger, Risch, M., Han, B., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Recent Insights into Manganese Oxides in Catalyzing Oxygen Reduction Kinetics”, Acs Catalysis, vol. 5. pp. 6021-6031, 2015.
F. S. Gittleson et al., “Raman Spectroscopy in Lithium-Oxygen Battery Systems”, Chemelectrochem, vol. 2. pp. 1446-1457, 2015.
C. Roth, Shao-Horn, Y., Myers, D., and Inukai, J., “Batteries and Fuel Cells: Leading the Way to a Cleaner and Brighter Future”, Chemelectrochem, vol. 2. pp. 1408-1409, 2015.
M. Risch, Stoerzinger, K. -A., Regier, T. Z., Peak, D., Sayed, S. Y., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Reversibility of Ferri-/Ferrocyanide Redox during Operando Soft X-ray Spectroscopy”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119. pp. 18903-18910, 2015.
K. A. Stoerzinger et al., “Reactivity of Perovskites with Water: Role of Hydroxylation in Wetting and Implications for Oxygen Electrocatalysis”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119. pp. 18504-18512, 2015.
E. A. Ahmad et al., “Optimizing Oxygen Reduction Catalyst Morphologies from First Principles”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119. pp. 16804-16810, 2015.
N. Ortiz-Vitoriano et al., “Rate-Dependent Nucleation and Growth of NaO2 in Na-O-2 Batteries”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 6. pp. 2636-2643, 2015.
K. A. Stoerzinger, Qiao, L., Biegalski, M. D., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Orientation-Dependent Oxygen Evolution Activities of Rutile IrO2 and RuO2 (vol 5, pg 1636, 2014)”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 6. pp. 1548-1548, 2015.
M. A. Habib et al., “Experimental and Numerical Investigation of La2NiO4 Membranes for Oxygen Separation: Geometry Optimization and Model Validation”, Journal of Energy Resources Technology-Transactions of the Asme, vol. 137. p. 031102, 2015.
J. C. Bachman et al., “Electrochemical polymerization of pyrene derivatives on functionalized carbon nanotubes for pseudocapacitive electrodes”, Nature Communications, vol. 6. p. 7040, 2015.
K. A. Stoerzinger, Lu, W., Li, C., Ariando,, Venkatesan, T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Highly Active Epitaxial La(1-x)SrxMnO3 Surfaces for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction: Role of Charge Transfer”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 6. pp. 1435-1440, 2015.
B. Han et al., “Role of LiCoO2 Surface Terminations in Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Kinetics”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 6. pp. 1357-1362, 2015.
A. A. Permyakova, Han, B., Jensen, J. O., Bjerrum, N. J., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Pt-Si Bifunctional Surfaces for CO and Methanol Electro-Oxidation”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119. pp. 8023-8031, 2015.
J. R. Harding, Amanchukwu, C. V., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Instability of Poly(ethylene oxide) upon Oxidation in Lithium-Air Batteries”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119. pp. 6947-6955, 2015.
K. J. May et al., “Thickness-Dependent Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting on Ultrathin LaFeO3 Films Grown on Nb:SrTiO3”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 6. pp. 977-985, 2015.
N. Pour, Kwabi, D. G., Carney, T., Darling, R. M., Perry, M. L., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Influence of Edge- and Basal-Plane Sites on the Vanadium Redox Kinetics for Flow Batteries”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119. pp. 5311-5318, 2015.
B. Han, Carlton, C. E., Suntivich, J., Xu, Z., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Oxygen Reduction Activity and Stability Trends of Bimetallic Pt0.5M0.5 Nanoparticle in Acid”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119. pp. 3971-3978, 2015.
K. A. Stoerzinger, Choi, W. S., Jeen, H., Lee, H. N., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Role of Strain and Conductivity in Oxygen Electrocatalysis on LaCoO3 Thin Films”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 6. pp. 487-492, 2015.
W. T. Hong, Stoerzinger, K. A., Moritz, B., Devereaux, T. P., Yang, W., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Probing LaMO3 Metal and Oxygen Partial Density of States Using X-ray Emission, Absorption, and Photoelectron Spectroscopy”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119. pp. 2063-2072, 2015.
C. V. Amanchukwu, Harding, J. R., Shao-Horn, Y., and Hammond, P. T., “Understanding the Chemical Stability of Polymers for Lithium-Air Batteries”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 27. pp. 550-561, 2015.
B. Han et al., “Record activity and stability of dealloyed bimetallic catalysts for proton exchange membrane fuel cells”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 8. pp. 258-266, 2015.
B. Han et al., “Record activity and stability of dealloyed bimetallic catalysts for proton exchange membrane fuel cells”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 8. pp. 258-266, 2015.
K. P. C. Yao et al., “Solid-state activation of Li2O2 oxidation kinetics and implications for Li-O-2 batteries”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 8. pp. 2417-2426, 2015.
X. Lin, Kavian, R., Lu, Y., Hu, Q., Shao-Horn, Y., and Grinstaff, M. W., “Thermally-responsive, nonflammable phosphonium ionic liquid electrolytes for lithium metal batteries: operating at 100 degrees celsius”, Chemical Science, vol. 6. pp. 6601-6606, 2015.
W. T. Hong, Risch, M., Stoerzinger, K. A., Grimaud, A., Suntivich, J., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Toward the rational design of non-precious transition metal oxides for oxygen electrocatalysis”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 8. pp. 1404-1427, 2015.
D. Lee, Lee, Y. -L., Hong, W. T., Biegalski, M. D., Morgan, D., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Oxygen surface exchange kinetics and stability of (La,Sr)(2)CoO4 +/-delta/La1-xSrxMO3-delta (M = Co and Fe) hetero-interfaces at intermediate temperatures”, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 3. pp. 2144-2157, 2015.
Y. -L. Lee, Gadre, M. J., Shao-Horn, Y., and Morgan, D., “Ab initio GGA plus U study of oxygen evolution and oxygen reduction electrocatalysis on the (001) surfaces of lanthanum transition metal perovskites LaBO3 (B = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Ni)”, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 17. pp. 21643-21663, 2015.
B. Han, Risch, M., Lee, Y. -L., Ling, C., Jia, H., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Activity and stability trends of perovskite oxides for oxygen evolution catalysis at neutral pH”, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 17. pp. 22576-22580, 2015.

2014

J. S. Elias, Risch, M., Giordano, L., Mansour, A. N., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Structure, Bonding, and Catalytic Activity of Monodisperse, Transition-Metal-Substituted CeO2 Nanoparticles”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 136. pp. 17193-17200, 2014.
M. N. Hyder et al., “Vacuum-Assisted Layer-by-Layer Nanocomposites for Self-Standing 3D Mesoporous Electrodes”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 26. pp. 5310-5318, 2014.
K. A. Stoerzinger, Hong, W. T., Crumlin, E. J., Bluhm, H., Biegalski, M. D., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Water Reactivity on the LaCoO3 (001) Surface: An Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Study”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 118. pp. 19733-19741, 2014.
D. G. Kwabi et al., “Chemical Instability of Dimethyl Sulfoxide in Lithium-Air Batteries”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 5. pp. 2850-2856, 2014.
D. Oh et al., “M13 Virus-Directed Synthesis of Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Lithium-Oxygen Batteries”, Nano Letters, vol. 14. pp. 4837-4845, 2014.
D. Oh et al., “M13 Virus-Directed Synthesis of Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Lithium-Oxygen Batteries”, Nano Letters, vol. 14. pp. 4837-4845, 2014.
D. Lee et al., “Enhanced Oxygen Surface Exchange Kinetics and Stability on Epitaxial La0.8Sr0.2CoO3-delta Thin Films by La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-delta Decoration”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 118. pp. 14326-14334, 2014.
K. A. Stoerzinger, Qiao, L., Biegalski, M. D., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Orientation-Dependent Oxygen Evolution Activities of Rutile IrO2 and RuO2”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 5. pp. 1636-1641, 2014.
D. G. Kwabi et al., “Materials challenges in rechargeable lithium-air batteries”, Mrs Bulletin, vol. 39. pp. 443-452, 2014.
S. H. Lee, Harding, J. R., Liu, D. S., D\textquoterightArcy, J. M., Shao-Horn, Y., and Hammond, P. T., “Li-Anode Protective Layers for Li Rechargeable Batteries via Layer-by-Layer Approaches”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 26. pp. 2579-2585, 2014.
M. D. Biegalski, Crumlin, E., Belianinov, A., Mutoro, E., Shao-Horn, Y., and Kalinin, S. V., “In situ examination of oxygen non-stoichiometry in La0.80Sr0.20CoO3-delta thin films at intermediate and low temperatures by x-ray diffraction”, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104. 2014.
C. E. Carlton, De Armas, R., Ma, J., May, A. F., Delaire, O., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Natural nanostructure and superlattice nanodomains in AgSbTe2”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 115. 2014.
M. Risch, Stoerzinger, K. A., Maruyama, S., Hong, W. T., Takeuchi, I., and Shao-Horn, Y., “La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-delta Decorated with Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.3Fe0.2O3-delta: A Bifunctional Surface for Oxygen Electrocatalysis with Enhanced Stability and Activity”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 136. pp. 5229-5232, 2014.
Z. Feng et al., “Anomalous Interface and Surface Strontium Segregation in (La1-ySry)(2)CoO4 +/-delta/La1-xSrxCoO3-delta Heterostructured Thin Films”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 5. pp. 1027-1034, 2014.
Z. Feng et al., “Revealing the atomic structure and strontium distribution in nanometer-thick La0.8Sr0.2CoO3-delta grown on (001)-oriented SrTiO3”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 7. pp. 1166-1174, 2014.
J. Suntivich et al., “Estimating Hybridization of Transition Metal and Oxygen States in Perovskites, from O K-edge X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 118. pp. 1856-1863, 2014.
K. P. C. Yao et al., “The influence of transition metal oxides on the kinetics of Li2O2 oxidation in Li-O-2 batteries: high activity of chromium oxides”, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 16. pp. 2297-2304, 2014.
L. N. Quan et al., “Soft-template-carbonization route to highly textured mesoporous carbon-TiO2 inverse opals for efficient photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical applications”, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 16. pp. 9023-9030, 2014.
D. Lee et al., “Strontium influence on the oxygen electrocatalysis of La2-xSrxNiO4 +/-delta (0.0 <= x(Sr) <= 1.0) thin films”, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 2. pp. 6480-6487, 2014.
B. M. Gallant, Lee, S. W., Kawaguchi, T., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Electrochemical Performance of Thin-Film Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Electrodes in Nonaqueous Cells”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 161. pp. A1625 - A1633, 2014.
Y. Orikasa et al., “Surface Strontium Segregation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes Proved by In Situ Depth-Resolved X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy”, Ecs Electrochemistry Letters, vol. 3. pp. F23 - F26, 2014.

2013

B. Horstmann, Gallant, B., Mitchell, R., Bessler, W. G., Shao-Horn, Y., and Bazant, M. Z., “Rate-Dependent Morphology of Li2O2 Growth in Li-O-2 Batteries”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 4. pp. 4217-4222, 2013.
A. Grimaud, Carlton, C. E., Risch, M., Hong, W. T., May, K. J., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Oxygen Evolution Activity and Stability of Ba6Mn5O16, Sr4Mn2CoO9, and Sr6Co5O15: The Influence of Transition Metal Coordination”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 117. pp. 25926-25932, 2013.
Y. -C. Lu et al., “Influence of Hydrocarbon and CO2 on the Reversibility of Li-O-2 Chemistry Using In Situ Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 117. pp. 25948-25954, 2013.
D. Oh, Qi, J., Lu, Y. -C., Zhang, Y., Shao-Horn, Y., and Belcher, A. M., “Biologically enhanced cathode design for improved capacity and cycle life for lithium-oxygen batteries”, Nature Communications, vol. 4. 2013.
A. Kumar et al., “Probing Bias-Dependent Electrochemical Gas-Solid Reactions in (LaxSr1-x)CoO3-delta Cathode Materials”, Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 23. pp. 5027-5036, 2013.
D. M. Itkis et al., “Reactivity of Carbon in Lithium-Oxygen Battery Positive Electrodes”, Nano Letters, vol. 13. pp. 4697-4701, 2013.
M. N. Hyder, Gallant, B. M., Shah, N. J., Shao-Horn, Y., and Hammond, P. T., “Synthesis of Highly Stable Sub-8 nm TiO2 Nanoparticles and Their Multilayer Electrodes of TiO2/MWNT for Electrochemical Applications”, Nano Letters, vol. 13. pp. 4610-4619, 2013.
D. Lee et al., “Strain Influence on the Oxygen Electrocatalysis of the (100)-Oriented Epitaxial La2NiO4+delta Thin Films at Elevated Temperatures”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 117. pp. 18789-18795, 2013.
J. Suntivich and Shao-Horn, Y., “Modulation of electrocatalytic and photocatalytic properties of transition metal oxides by nanostructuring”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 246. 2013.
A. Grimaud et al., “Double perovskites as a family of highly active catalysts for oxygen evolution in alkaline solution”, Nature Communications, vol. 4. 2013.
E. J. Crumlin et al., “In Situ Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Cobalt Perovskite Surfaces under Cathodic Polarization at High Temperatures”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 117. pp. 16087-16094, 2013.
W. T. Hong et al., “Tuning the Spin State in LaCoO3 Thin Films for Enhanced High-Temperature Oxygen Electrocatalysis”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 4. pp. 2493-2499, 2013.
T. Ming, Suntivich, J., May, K. J., Stoerzinger, K. A., Kim, D. H., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Visible Light Photo-oxidation in Au Nanoparticle Sensitized SrTiO3:Nb Photoanode”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 117. pp. 15532-15539, 2013.
B. M. Gallant, Kwabi, D. G., Mitchell, R. R., Zhou, J., Thompson, C. V., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Influence of Li2O2 morphology on oxygen reduction and evolution kinetics in Li-O-2 batteries”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 6. pp. 2518-2528, 2013.
J. Xie, Yang, X., Han, B., Shao-Horn, Y., and Wang, D., “Site-Selective Deposition of Twinned Platinum Nanoparticles on TiSi2 Nanonets by Atomic Layer Deposition and Their Oxygen Reduction Activities”, Acs Nano, vol. 7. pp. 6337-6345, 2013.
D. H. Kim, Imashuku, S., Wang, L., Shao-Horn, Y., and Ross, C. A., “Li loss during the growth of (Li,La)TiO3 thin films by pulsed laser deposition”, Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 372. pp. 9-14, 2013.
D. N. Leonard et al., “Nanoscale Probing of Voltage Activated Oxygen Reduction/Evolution Reactions in Nanopatterned (LaxSr1-x)CoO3-Cathodes”, Advanced Energy Materials, vol. 3. pp. 788-797, 2013.
J. Ma et al., “Glass-like phonon scattering from a spontaneous nanostructure in AgSbTe2”, Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 8. pp. 445-451, 2013.
J. Suntivich et al., “Surface Composition Tuning of Au-Pt Bimetallic Nanoparticles for Enhanced Carbon Monoxide and Methanol Electro-oxidation”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 135. pp. 7985-7991, 2013.
Z. Feng et al., “In Situ Studies of the Temperature-Dependent Surface Structure and Chemistry of Single-Crystalline (001)-Oriented La0.8Sr0.2CoO3-delta Perovskite Thin Films”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 4. pp. 1512-1518, 2013.
M. Risch et al., “Structural Changes of Cobalt-Based Perovskites upon Water Oxidation Investigated by EXAFS”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 117. pp. 8628-8635, 2013.
K. A. Stoerzinger et al., “Oxygen electrocatalysis on (001)-oriented manganese perovskite films: Mn valency and charge transfer at the nanoscale”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 6. pp. 1582-1588, 2013.
L. Zhong et al., “In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Observations of Electrochemical Oxidation of Li2O2”, Nano Letters, vol. 13. pp. 2209-2214, 2013.
A. Kumar et al., “Spatially Resolved Mapping of Oxygen Reduction/Evolution Reaction on Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes with Sub-10 nm Resolution”, Acs Nano, vol. 7. pp. 3808-3814, 2013.
N. Hyder, Shao-Horn, Y., and Hammond, P. T., “Engineering nanostructured electrodes of polyaniline nanofibers and multiwalled carbon nanotubes”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 245. 2013.
R. R. Mitchell, Gallant, B. M., Shao-Horn, Y., and Thompson, C. V., “Mechanisms of Morphological Evolution of Li2O2 Particles during Electrochemical Growth”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 4. pp. 1060-1064, 2013.
S. Y. Kim et al., “Rapid fabrication of thick spray-layer-by-layer carbon nanotube electrodes for high power and energy devices”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 6. pp. 888-897, 2013.
J. Suntivich, Perry, E. E., Gasteiger, H. A., and Shao-Horn, Y., “The Influence of the Cation on the Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Activities of Oxide Surfaces in Alkaline Electrolyte”, Electrocatalysis, vol. 4. pp. 49-55, 2013.
Y. -C. Lu et al., “Lithium-oxygen batteries: bridging mechanistic understanding and battery performance”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 6. pp. 750-768, 2013.
B. Patrick, Ham, H. C., Shao-Horn, Y., Allard, L. F., Hwang, G. S., and Ferreira, P. J., “Atomic Structure and Composition of "Pt3Co" Nanocatalysts in Fuel Cells: An Aberration-Corrected STEM HAADF Study”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 25. pp. 530-535, 2013.
H. R. Byon, Gallant, B. M., Lee, S. W., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Role of Oxygen Functional Groups in Carbon Nanotube/Graphene Freestanding Electrodes for High Performance Lithium Batteries”, Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 23. pp. 1037-1045, 2013.
Y. -C. Lu and Shao-Horn, Y., “Probing the Reaction Kinetics of the Charge Reactions of Nonaqueous Li-O-2 Batteries”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 4. pp. 93-99, 2013.
K. P. C. Yao et al., “Thermal Stability of Li2O2 and Li2O for Li-Air Batteries: In Situ XRD and XPS Studies”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 160. pp. A824 - A831, 2013.
C. R. Kreller et al., “Origin of Enhanced Chemical Capacitance in La0.8Sr0.2CoO3-delta Thin Film Electrodes”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 160. pp. F931 - F942, 2013.
R. A. Quinlan, Lu, Y. -C., Shao-Horn, Y., and Mansour, A. N., “XPS Studies of Surface Chemistry Changes of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 Electrodes during High-Voltage Cycling”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 160. pp. A669 - A677, 2013.
L. Wang et al., “Enhancing Oxygen Permeation of Electronically Short-Circuited Oxygen-Ion Conductors by Decorating with Mixed Ionic-Electronic Conducting Oxides”, Ecs Electrochemistry Letters, vol. 2. pp. F77 - F81, 2013.

2012

K. J. May et al., “Influence of Oxygen Evolution during Water Oxidation on the Surface of Perovskite Oxide Catalysts”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 3. pp. 3264-3270, 2012.
C. E. Carlton, Kuryak, C. A., Liu, W. -shu, Ren, Z., Chen, G., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Disordered stoichiometric nanorods and ordered off-stoichiometric nanoparticles in n-type thermoelectric Bi2Te2.7Se0.3”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 112. 2012.
S. W. Lee et al., “The Nature of Lithium Battery Materials under Oxygen Evolution Reaction Conditions”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 134. pp. 16959-16962, 2012.
Y. -C. Lu et al., “In Situ Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Studies of Lithium-Oxygen Redox Reactions”, Scientific Reports, vol. 2. 2012.
B. M. Gallant et al., “Chemical and Morphological Changes of Li-O-2 Battery Electrodes upon Cycling”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 116. pp. 20800-20805, 2012.
B. M. Gallant and Shao-Horn, Y., “Functionalized graphene electrodes for high performance lithium batteries”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 244. 2012.
Y. Lee, Kim, J., Yun, D. S., Nam, Y. S., Shao-Horn, Y., and Belcher, A. M., “Virus-templated Au and Au-Pt core-shell nanowires and their electrocatalytic activities for fuel cell applications”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 5. pp. 8328-8334, 2012.
Y. Shao-Horn, “Oxygen electrocatalysis in aqueous and nonaqueous solutions and implications for fuel cells and metal-air batteries”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 243. 2012.
E. J. Crumlin et al., “Surface strontium enrichment on highly active perovskites for oxygen electrocatalysis in solid oxide fuel cells”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 5. pp. 6081-6088, 2012.
Y. Lee, Suntivich, J., May, K. J., Perry, E. E., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Synthesis and Activities of Rutile IrO2 and RuO2 Nanoparticles for Oxygen Evolution in Acid and Alkaline Solutions”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 3. pp. 399-404, 2012.
N. Lopez et al., “Reversible Reduction of Oxygen to Peroxide Facilitated by Molecular Recognition”, Science, vol. 335. pp. 450-453, 2012.
C. E. Carlton, Chen, S., Ferreira, P. J., Allard, L. F., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Sub-Nanometer-Resolution Elemental Mapping of "Pt3Co" Nanoparticle Catalyst Degradation in Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 3. pp. 161-166, 2012.
E. Mutoro et al., “Reversible Compositional Control of Oxide Surfaces by Electrochemical Potentials”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 3. pp. 40-44, 2012.
S. W. Lee et al., “Self-standing positive electrodes of oxidized few-walled carbon nanotubes for light-weight and high-power lithium batteries”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 5. pp. 5437-5444, 2012.
W. Sheng, Chen, S., Vescovo, E., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Size Influence on the Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity and Instability of Supported Pt Nanoparticles”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 159. pp. B96 - B103, 2012.
W. Sheng, Chen, S., Vescovo, E., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Size Influence on the Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity and Instability of Supported Pt Nanoparticles (vol 159, pg B96, 2012)”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 159. pp. S13 - S13, 2012.
Z. Xu, Lai, E., Shao-Horn, Y., and Hamad-Schifferli, K., “Compositional dependence of the stability of AuCu alloy nanoparticles”, Chemical Communications, vol. 48. pp. 5626-5628, 2012.
J. R. Harding, Lu, Y. -C., Tsukada, Y., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Evidence of catalyzed oxidation of Li2O2 for rechargeable Li-air battery applications”, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 14. pp. 10540-10546, 2012.
E. J. Crumlin et al., “Oxygen Electrocatalysis on Epitaxial La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-delta Perovskite Thin Films for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 159. pp. F219 - F225, 2012.

2011

J. Suntivich, May, K. J., Gasteiger, H. A., Goodenough, J. B., and Shao-Horn, Y., “A Perovskite Oxide Optimized for Oxygen Evolution Catalysis from Molecular Orbital Principles”, Science, vol. 334. pp. 1383-1385, 2011.
Y. -C. Lu, Gasteiger, H. A., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Catalytic Activity Trends of Oxygen Reduction Reaction for Nonaqueous Li-Air Batteries”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 133. pp. 19048-19051, 2011.
M. N. Hyder, Lee, S. W., Cebeci, F. C., Schmidt, D. J., Shao-Horn, Y., and Hammond, P. T., “Layer-by-Layer Assembled Polyaniline Nanofiber/Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Thin Film Electrodes for High-Power and High-Energy Storage Applications”, Acs Nano, vol. 5. pp. 8552-8561, 2011.
Y. -L. Lee, Kleis, J., Rossmeisl, J., Shao-Horn, Y., and Morgan, D., “Prediction of solid oxide fuel cell cathode activity with first-principles descriptors”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 4. pp. 3966-3970, 2011.
E. Mutoro, Crumlin, E. J., Biegalski, M. D., Christen, H. M., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Enhanced oxygen reduction activity on surface-decorated perovskite thin films for solid oxide fuel cells”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 4. pp. 3689-3696, 2011.
E. Mutoro et al., “Enhancing electrode kinetics of SOFC cathode materials by structural or compositional surface modification”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 242. 2011.
H. R. Byon, Suntivich, J., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Graphene-Based Non-Noble-Metal Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Acid”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 23. pp. 3421-3428, 2011.
R. R. Mitchell, Gallant, B. M., Thompson, C. V., and Shao-Horn, Y., “All-carbon-nanofiber electrodes for high-energy rechargeable Li-O-2 batteries”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 4. pp. 2952-2958, 2011.
Y. -C. Lu et al., “The discharge rate capability of rechargeable Li-O-2 batteries”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 4. pp. 2999-3007, 2011.
M. A. Habib et al., “A review of recent developments in carbon capture utilizing oxy-fuel combustion in conventional and ion transport membrane systems”, International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 35. pp. 741-764, 2011.
J. Suntivich, Gasteiger, H. A., Yabuuchi, N., Nakanishi, H., Goodenough, J. B., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Design principles for oxygen-reduction activity on perovskite oxide catalysts for fuel cells and metal-air batteries”, Nature Chemistry, vol. 3. pp. 546-550, 2011.
J. Kim, Lee, S. W., Carlton, C., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Pt-Covered Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes for Oxygen Reduction in Fuel Cell Applications”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 2. pp. 1332-1336, 2011.
S. W. Lee, Gallant, B. M., Byon, H. R., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Nanostructured carbon-based electrodes: bridging the gap between thin-film lithium-ion batteries and electrochemical capacitors”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 4. pp. 1972-1985, 2011.
H. R. Byon, Lee, S. W., Chen, S., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Thin films of carbon nanotubes and chemically reduced graphenes for electrochemical micro-capacitors”, Carbon, vol. 49. pp. 457-467, 2011.
Y. -C. Lu, Gasteiger, H. A., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Method Development to Evaluate the Oxygen Reduction Activity of High-Surface-Area Catalysts for Li-Air Batteries”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 14. pp. A70 - A74, 2011.
J. Kim, Lee, S. W., Carlton, C., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Oxygen Reduction Activity of PtxNi1-x Alloy Nanoparticles on Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 14. pp. B110 - B113, 2011.
W. Sheng, Lee, S. W., Crumlin, E. J., Chen, S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Synthesis, Activity and Durability of Pt Nanoparticles Supported on Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes for Oxygen Reduction”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 158. pp. B1398 - B1404, 2011.
J. Kim, Lee, S. W., Chen, S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Synthesis and Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity of Atomic and Nanoparticle Gold on Thiol-Functionalized Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 14. pp. B105 - B109, 2011.
H. R. Byon, Suntivich, J., Crumlin, E. J., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Fe-N-modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes for oxygen reduction reaction in acid”, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 13. pp. 21437-21445, 2011.
N. Yabuuchi, Lu, Y. -C., Mansour, A. N., Chen, S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “The Influence of Heat-Treatment Temperature on the Cation Distribution of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 and Its Rate Capability in Lithium Rechargeable Batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 158. pp. A192 - A200, 2011.

2010

E. J. Crumlin et al., “Oxygen Reduction Kinetics Enhancement on a Heterostructured Oxide Surface for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 1. pp. 3149-3155, 2010.
Y. -C. Lu, Xu, Z., Gasteiger, H. A., Chen, S., Hamad-Schifferli, K., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Platinum-Gold Nanoparticles: A Highly Active Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for Rechargeable Lithium-Air Batteries”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 132. pp. 12170-12171, 2010.
Z. Xu, Carlton, C. E., Allard, L. F., Shao-Horn, Y., and Hamad-Schifferli, K., “Direct Colloidal Route for Pt-Covered AuPt Bimetallic Nanoparticles”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 1. pp. 2514-2518, 2010.
R. McGuire, Dogutan, D. K., Teets, T. S., Suntivich, J., Shao-Horn, Y., and Nocera, D. G., “Oxygen reduction reactivity of cobalt(II) hangman porphyrins”, Chemical Science, vol. 1. pp. 411-414, 2010.
B. -S. Kim, Lee, S. W., Yoon, H., Strano, M. S., Shao-Horn, Y., and Hammond, P. T., “Pattern Transfer Printing of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Multilayers and Application in Biosensors”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 22. pp. 4791-4797, 2010.
J. Suntivich, Yabuuchi, N., Gasteiger, H. A., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Effect of cationic species on the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity of perovskite transition metal oxides in the alkaline environment: Elucidating the charge transfer mechanism on model oxide surfaces”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 240. 2010.
Y. -C. Lu, Gasteiger, H. A., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Electrocatalysis of oxygen evolution reaction in Li-air batteries for energy storage application”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 240. 2010.
R. McGuire, Dogutan, D. K., Shao-Horn, Y., and Nocera, D. G., “Electrocatalytic oxygen reduction mediated by metalo-hangman-xanthene-porphyrin and -corrole complexes”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 240. 2010.
J. Kim, Sinha, N., Gasteiger, H. A., Carlton, C., Hamad-Schifferli, K., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction on different morphology of gold nanoclusters”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 240. 2010.
S. W. Lee, Chen, S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Enhancing electrocatalytic activity by tuning nanoparticle surface structure and composition”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 240. 2010.
J. Kim, Lee, S. W., Chen, S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Facile size-tuning of gold nanoparticles onto thiol functionalized carbon nanotubes and their electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 240. 2010.
Z. Xu et al., “AuPt nanoparticles with a Pt-rich surface layer”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 240. 2010.
Y. -C. Lu, Harding, J. R., Tsukada, Y., Gasteiger, H. A., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Catalysis studies and electrode design considerations for Lithium-air batteries”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 240. 2010.
S. W. Lee, Chen, S., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Layer-by-layer assembled nanostructured electrodes for electrochemical energy applications”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 240. 2010.
S. W. Lee et al., “High-power lithium batteries from functionalized carbon-nanotube electrodes”, Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 5. pp. 531-537, 2010.
S. W. Lee, Kim, J., Chen, S., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Carbon Nanotube/Manganese Oxide Ultrathin Film Electrodes for Electrochemical Capacitors”, Acs Nano, vol. 4. pp. 3889-3896, 2010.
S. W. Lee, Chen, S., Suntivich, J., Sasaki, K., Adzic, R. R., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Role of Surface Steps of Pt Nanoparticles on the Electrochemical Activity for Oxygen Reduction”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 1. pp. 1316-1320, 2010.
M. A. Asoro, Kovar, D., Shao-Horn, Y., Allard, L. F., and Ferreira, P. J., “Coalescence and sintering of Pt nanoparticles: in situ observation by aberration-corrected HAADF STEM”, Nanotechnology, vol. 21. 2010.
S. Chen, Gasteiger, H. A., Hayakawa, K., Tada, T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Platinum-Alloy Cathode Catalyst Degradation in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Nanometer-Scale Compositional and Morphological Changes”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 157. pp. A82 - A97, 2010.
Y. -C. Lu, Gasteiger, H. A., Crumlin, E., McGuire, R., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Electrocatalytic Activity Studies of Select Metal Surfaces and Implications in Li-Air Batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 157. pp. A1016 - A1025, 2010.
J. Suntivich, Gasteiger, H. A., Yabuuchi, N., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Electrocatalytic Measurement Methodology of Oxide Catalysts Using a Thin-Film Rotating Disk Electrode”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 157. pp. B1263 - B1268, 2010.
W. Sheng, Gasteiger, H. A., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Hydrogen Oxidation and Evolution Reaction Kinetics on Platinum: Acid vs Alkaline Electrolytes”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 157. pp. B1529 - B1536, 2010.
Y. -C. Lu, Gasteiger, H. A., Parent, M. C., Chiloyan, V., and Shao-Horn, Y., “The Influence of Catalysts on Discharge and Charge Voltages of Rechargeable Li-Oxygen Batteries”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 13. pp. A69 - A72, 2010.
N. Yabuuchi, Lu, Y. -C., Mansour, A. N., Kawaguchi, T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “The Influence of Surface Chemistry on the Rate Capability of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 for Lithium Rechargeable Batteries”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 13. pp. A158 - A161, 2010.
G. J. la O\textquoteright et al., “Catalytic Activity Enhancement for Oxygen Reduction on Epitaxial Perovskite Thin Films for Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells”, Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, vol. 49. pp. 5344-5347, 2010.
E. F. Holby, Shao-Horn, Y., Sheng, W. C., and Morgan, D., “New Understanding of Pt Surface Area Loss in PEMFC\textquoterights: Temperature Effects”, in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 10, Pts 1 and 2, vol. 33, 2010, pp. 369-377.

2009

S. W. Lee et al., “Roles of Surface Steps on Pt Nanoparticles in Electro-oxidation of Carbon Monoxide and Methanol”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 131. pp. 15669-15677, 2009.
Y. -C. Lu, Mansour, A. N., Yabuuchi, N., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Probing the Origin of Enhanced Stability of "AIPO(4)" Nanoparticle Coated LiCoO2 during Cycling to High Voltages: Combined XRD and XPS Studies”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 21. pp. 4408-4424, 2009.
L. Waller, Kim, J., Shao-Horn, Y., and Barbastathis, G., “Interferometric tomography of fuel cells for monitoring membrane water content”, Optics Express, vol. 17. pp. 14806-14816, 2009.
Y. Shao-Horn, “COLL 117-Methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction activity of Pt and Pt alloy nanoparticles: Roles of surface atomic structure and electronic structure”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 238. 2009.
J. Kim, Lee, S. W., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “COLL 121-Electrostatic layer-by-layer assembled AuNP/MWNT thin films and their electrocatalytic activity toward methanol oxidation”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 238. 2009.
S. W. Lee, Kim, B. -S., Kim, J., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “COLL 77-Layer-by-layer assembled multiwall carbon nanotube electrodes for electrochemical energy storage and conversion devices”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 238. 2009.
H. R. Byon, Lee, S. W., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “COLL 82-High capacitance of graphene/carbon nanotube assemblies for electrochemical capacitor applications”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 238. 2009.
J. Kim, Lee, S. W., Hammond, P. T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Electrostatic Layer-by-Layer Assembled Au Nano particle/MWNT Thin Films: Microstructure, Optical Property, and Electrocatalytic Activity for Methanol Oxidation”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 21. pp. 2993-3001, 2009.
M. A. Asoro, Kovar, D., Shao-Horn, Y., Allard, L. F., and Ferreira, P. J., “Determination of Sintering Parameters from In-situ Aberration-Corrected STEM Imaging of Coalescence in Pt Nanoparticles”, Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 15. pp. 730-731, 2009.
L. Croguennec et al., “Segregation Tendency in Layered Aluminum-Substituted Lithium Nickel Oxides”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 21. pp. 1051-1059, 2009.
S. Chen, Sheng, W., Yabuuchi, N., Ferreira, P. J., Allard, L. F., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Origin of Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity on "Pt3Co" Nanoparticles: Atomically Resolved Chemical Compositions and Structures”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113. pp. 1109-1125, 2009.
S. W. Lee, Kim, B. -S., Chen, S., Shao-Horn, Y., and Hammond, P. T., “Layer-by-Layer Assembly of All Carbon Nanotube Ultrathin Films for Electrochemical Applications”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 131. pp. 671-679, 2009.
G. J. I. O\textquoteright and Shao-Horn, Y., “Oxygen Surface Exchange Kinetics on Sr-Substituted Lanthanum Manganite and Ferrite Thin-Film Microelectrodes”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 156. pp. B816 - B824, 2009.
E. F. Holby, Sheng, W., Shao-Horn, Y., and Morgan, D., “Pt nanoparticle stability in PEM fuel cells: influence of particle size distribution and crossover hydrogen”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 2. pp. 865-871, 2009.
G. J. la O\textquoteright, Savinell, R. F., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Activity Enhancement of Dense Strontium-Doped Lanthanum Manganite Thin Films under Cathodic Polarization: A Combined AES and XPS Study”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 156. pp. B771 - B781, 2009.
G. J. la O\textquoteright and Shao-Horn, Y., “Thickness Dependence of Oxygen Reduction Reaction Kinetics on Strontium-Substituted Lanthanum Manganese Perovskite Thin-Film Microelectrodes”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 12. pp. B82 - B85, 2009.
E. F. Holby, Shao-Horn, Y., Sheng, W., and Morgan, D., “Oxide Formation and Removal on Pt Surfaces Under Potential Cycled Conditions”, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 9, vol. 25. pp. 583-592, 2009.

2008

S. Chen, Ferreira, P. J., Sheng, W., Yabuuchi, N., Allard, L. F., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Enhanced activity for oxygen reduction reaction on "Pt(3)CO" nanoparticles: Direct evidence of percolated and sandwich-segregation structures”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 130. pp. 13818-13819, 2008.
N. Yabuuchi, Kim, Y. -T., Li, H. H., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Thermal instability of cycled Li(x)Ni(0.5)Mn(0.5)O(2) electrodes: An in situ synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction study”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 20. pp. 4936-4951, 2008.
Y. Shao-Horn, “COLL 134-Activity of Pt nanoparticles: Surface atomic structure and electronic structure”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 235. 2008.
S. Chen, Ferreira, P. J., Allard, L., Sheng, W. C., Yabuuchi, N., and Shao-Horn, Y., “COLL 201-Oxygen reduction activity of Pt3Co nanoparticles: Surface atomic structure and electronic structures”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 235. 2008.
W. Sheng, Chen, S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “COLL 202-Particle size effect on the instability and activity of carbon-supported platinum catalysts in an acidic environment”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 235. 2008.
V. Sivakumar, Yabuuchi, N., Ross, C. A., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Partially reversible changes in magnetic properties of CrO(2) nanoparticles through electrochemical cycling”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 103. 2008.
V. Sivakumar, Ross, C. A., Yabuuchi, N., Shao-Horn, Y., Persson, K., and Ceder, G., “Electrochemical control of the magnetic moment of CrO(2)”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 155. pp. P83 - P88, 2008.

2007

Y. Shao-Horn, Sheng, W. C., Chen, S., Ferreira, P. J., Holby, E. F., and Morgan, D., “Instability of supported platinum nanoparticles in low-temperature fuel cells”, Topics in Catalysis, vol. 46. pp. 285-305, 2007.
A. T. Appapillai, Mansour, A. N., Cho, J., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Microstructure of LiCoO2 with and without "AIPO(4)" nanoparticle coating: Combined STEM and XPS studies”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 19. pp. 5748-5757, 2007.
Y. Shao-Horn, Lee, S. W., Mitani, T., and Kim, Y. -T., “COLL 373-The electronic structure and electrocatalytic activity of Pt nanoparticles”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 234. 2007.
V. Sivakumar, Kumar, S., Ross, C. A., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Magnetic and structural investigation of electrochemically lithiated magnetite nanoparticles”, Ieee Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 43. pp. 3121-3123, 2007.
H. H. Li et al., “Changes in the cation ordering of layered O3Li(x)Ni(0.5)Mn(0.5)O(2) during electrochemical cycling to high voltages: An electron diffraction study”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 19. pp. 2551-2565, 2007.
G. J. la O\textquoteright, In, H. J., Crumlin, E., Barbastathis, G., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Recent advances in microdevices for electrochemical energy conversion and storage”, International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 31. pp. 548-575, 2007.
Y. -T. Kim, Chi, D. H., Mitani, T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Single Pt atoms to clusters: Their electronic structure and electrocatalytic activity”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 233. 2007.
A. Clemencon, Appapillai, A. T., Kumar, S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Atomic force microscopy studies of surface and dimensional changes in LixCoO2 crystals during lithium de-intercalation”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52. pp. 4572-4580, 2007.
O. Akbulut, Taniguchi, I., Kumar, S., Shao-Horn, Y., and Mayes, A. M., “Conductivity hysteresis in polymer electrolytes incorporating poly(tetrahydrofuran)”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52. pp. 1983-1989, 2007.
N. Yabuuchi, Kumar, S., Li, H. H., Kim, Y. -T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Changes in the crystal structure and electrochemical properties of LixNi0.5Mn0.5O2 during electrochemical cycling to high voltages”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154. pp. A566 - A578, 2007.
P. J. Ferreira and Shao-Horn, Y., “Formation mechanism of Pt single-crystal nanoparticles in proton exchange membrane fuel cells”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 10. pp. B60 - B63, 2007.
S. Koc, la O\textquoteright, G., Golfinopoulos, T., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Impedance Spectroscopy Studies of Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Thin Film Platinum Microelectrodes Supported on YSZ”, in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 10 (sofc-X), Pts 1 and 2, vol. 7, 2007, pp. 1271-1277.
G. J. la O\textquoteright and Shao-Horn, Y., “Impedance Studies of Thin-film and Patterned Sr-doped LaMnO(3) On Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia to Probe Oxygen Reduction Kinetics”, in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 10 (sofc-X), Pts 1 and 2, vol. 7, 2007, pp. 1041-1050.
G. J. la O\textquoteright, Yildiz, B., McEuen, S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Probing oxygen reduction reaction kinetics of Sr-doped LaMnO3 supported on Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154. pp. B427 - B438, 2007.
E. J. Crumlin, la O\textquoteright, G. J., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Architectures and Performance of High-Voltage, Microscale Single-Chamber Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks”, in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 10 (sofc-X), Pts 1 and 2, vol. 7, 2007, pp. 981-986.

2006

J. Breger et al., “Effect of high voltage on the structure and electrochemistry of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2: A joint experimental and theoretical study”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 18. pp. 4768-4781, 2006.
H. J. In, Kumar, S., Shao-Horn, Y., and Barbastathis, G., “Origami fabrication of nanostructured, three-dimensional devices: Electrochemical capacitors with carbon electrodes”, Applied Physics Letters, vol. 88. 2006.
W. J. Arora, In, H. J., Buchner, T., Shao-Horn, Y., Smith, H. I., and Barbastathis, G., Nanostructured Origami (TM) 3D Fabrication and Self Assembly Process for soldier combat systems, vol. 42. 2006.

2005

M. Menetrier, Shao-Horn, Y., Wattiaux, A., Fournes, L., and Delmas, C., “Iron substitution in lithium-overstoichiometric "Li1.1CoO2": Combined Fe-57 Mossbauer and Li-7 NMR spectroscopies studies”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 17. pp. 4653-4659, 2005.
J. Breger et al., “High-resolution X-ray diffraction, DIFFaX, NMR and first principles study of disorder in the Li2MnO3-Li[Ni1/2Mn1/2]O-2 solid solution”, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 178. pp. 2575-2585, 2005.
Y. S. Meng et al., “Cation ordering in layered O3 Li[NixLi1/3-2x/3]Mn2/3-x/3]O-2 (0 <= x <= 1/2) compounds”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 17. pp. 2386-2394, 2005.
P. J. Ferreira et al., “Instability of Pt/C electrocatalysts in proton exchange membrane fuel cells - A mechanistic investigation”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 152. pp. A2256 - A2271, 2005.
H. J. In et al., “The Nanostructured Origami (TM) 3D fabrication and assembly process for nanopatterned 3D structures”, in Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Smart Electronics, Mems, BioMems, and Nanotechnology, vol. 5763, 2005, pp. 84-95.
H. J. In, Kumar, S., Shao-Horn, Y., and Barbastathis, G., Origami fabrication of SU-8 supercapacitors, vol. 100. 2005.

2004

G. J. la O, Hertz, J., Tuller, H. L., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Microstructural features of RF-sputtered SOFC anode and electrolyte materials”, Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 13. pp. 691-695, 2004.
B. Yildiz, la O, G. J., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Analytical and experimental study of oxygen reduction mechanism on oxygen electrodes of SOFCs: Case study on La(1-x)Sr(x)MnO3.”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 228. pp. U673 - U673, 2004.
F. Tournadre et al., “On the mechanism of the P2-Na0.70CoO2 -> O2-LiCoO2 exchange reaction - Part I: proposition of a model to describe the P2-O2 transition”, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 177. pp. 2790-2802, 2004.
F. Tournadre et al., “The T($\#$)2-Li2/3Co2/3Mn1/3O2 system. 1. Its structural characterization”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 16. pp. 1411-1417, 2004.
D. Carlier, Croguennec, L., Ceder, G., Menetrier, M., Shao-Horn, Y., and Delmas, C., “Structural study of the T($\#$)2-LixCoO2 (0.52 < x <= 0.72) phase”, Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 43. pp. 914-922, 2004.
M. A. O\textquoterightKeefe and Shao-Horn, Y., “Sub-Angstrom atomic-resolution imaging from heavy atoms to light atoms”, Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 10. pp. 86-95, 2004.
Y. S. Meng, Ceder, G., Grey, C. P., Yoon, W. S., and Shao-Horn, Y., “Understanding the crystal structure of layered LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 by electron diffraction and powder diffraction simulation”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 7. pp. A155 - A158, 2004.

2003

Y. Shao-Horn, Weill, F., Croguennec, L., Carlier, D., Menetrier, M., and Delmas, C., “Lithium and vacancy ordering in T($\#$)2-LixCoO2 derived from O2-type LiCoO2”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 15. pp. 2977-2983, 2003.
Y. Shao-Horn, Croguennec, L., Delmas, C., Nelson, E. C., and O\textquoterightKeefe, M. A., “Atomic resolution of lithium ions in LiCoO2”, Nature Materials, vol. 2. pp. 464-467, 2003.
Q. C. Horn and Shao-Horn, Y., “Morphology and spatial distribution of ZnO formed in discharged alkaline Zn/MnO2 AA cells”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 150. pp. A652 - A658, 2003.
Y. Shao-Horn, Levasseur, S., Weill, F., and Delmas, C., “Probing lithium and vacancy ordering in O3 layered LixCoO2 (x approximate to 0.5) - An electron diffraction study”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 150. pp. A366 - A373, 2003.
S. Levasseur et al., “Oxygen vacancies and intermediate spin trivalent cobalt ions in lithium-overstoichiometric LiCoO2”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 15. pp. 348-354, 2003.

2002

Y. Shao-Horn, Osmialowski, S., and Horn, Q. C., “Reinvestigation of lithium reaction mechanisms in FeS2 pyrite at ambient temperature”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 149. pp. A1547 - A1555, 2002.
Y. Shao-Horn, Osmialowski, S., and Horn, Q. C., “Nano-FeS2 for commercial Li/FeS2 primary batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 149. pp. A1499 - A1502, 2002.
Y. Shao-Horn, Hackney, S. A., Kahaian, A. J., and Thackeray, M. M., “Structural stability of LiCoO2 at 400 degrees C”, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 168. pp. 60-68, 2002.

2001

Y. Shao-Horn and Horn, Q. C., “Chemical, structural and electrochemical comparison of natural and synthetic FeS2 pyrite in lithium cells”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 46. pp. 2613-2621, 2001.
Y. Shao-Horn and Middaugh, R. L., “Redox reactions of cobalt, aluminum and titanium substituted lithium manganese spinel compounds in lithium cells”, Solid State Ionics, vol. 139. pp. 13-25, 2001.

1999

M. M. Thackeray et al., “Stabilization of insertion electrodes for lithium batteries”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 81. pp. 60-66, 1999.
C. S. Johnson et al., “Structural and electrochemical analysis of layered compounds from Li2MnO3”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 81. pp. 491-495, 1999.
Y. Shao-Horn et al., “Structural fatigue in spinel electrodes in Li/Li-x[Mn-2]O-4 cells”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 81. pp. 496-499, 1999.
Y. Shao-Horn et al., “Structural characterization of layered LiMnO2 electrodes by electron diffraction and lattice imaging”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 146. pp. 2404-2412, 1999.

1998

Y. Shao-Horn, Hackney, S. A., Johnson, C. S., Kahaian, A. J., and Thackeray, M. M., “Structural features of low-temperature LiCoO2 and acid-delithiated products”, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 140. pp. 116-127, 1998.
M. M. Thackeray, Shao-Horn, Y., Kahaian, A. J., Kepler, K. D., Vaughey, J. T., and Hackney, S. A., “Structural fatigue in spinel electrodes in high voltage (4V) Li/LixMn2O4 cells”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 1. pp. 7-9, 1998.
Y. Shao-Horn, Hackney, S. A., Johnson, C. S., and Thackeray, M. M., “Microstructural features of alpha-MnO2 electrodes for lithium batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 145. pp. 582-589, 1998.
Y. Shao-Horn, Ein-Eli, Y., Robertson, A. D., Averill, W. F., Hackney, S. A., and Howard, W. F., “Morphology modification and delithiation mechanisms of LiMn2O4 and Li2MnO3 by acid digestion”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 145. pp. 16-23, 1998.

1997

Y. Shao-Horn, Hackney, S. A., and Cornilsen, B. C., “Structural characterization of heat-treated electrolytic manganese dioxide and topotactic transformation of discharge products in the Li-MnO2 cells”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 144. pp. 3147-3153, 1997.
C. S. Johnson, Mansuetto, M. F., Thackeray, M. M., Shao-Horn, Y., and Hackney, S. A., “Stabilized alpha-MnO2 electrodes for rechargeable 3 V lithium batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 144. pp. 2279-2283, 1997.