Ronald G. Ballinger

  • Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering
  • Worcester Polytechnic Institute, BSME, Feb. 1975
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, SM (Nucl. Eng.), Sept. 1977
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, SM (Mat. Sci.), Feb. 1978
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, ScD (Nucl. Mat. Eng.), Feb. 1982

Energy; Fracture, Fatigue, and Failure of Materials; Structural Materials

Ronald G. Ballinger

Research

Research Interests

  • Environmental effects on materials behavior
  • Electrochemistry
  • Corrosion
  • Advanced materials for fusion systems advanced statistical and experimental techniques for experimental analysis
  • Nuclear fuel performance analysis

Recent Professional Service

  • US Department of Energy Technical Assistance Group (TAG) for Disposition of N-Reactor Fuel
  • US Department of State Technical Advisory Committee on Conditioning of North Korean Reactor (DPRK) Fuel
  • US Department of Energy Technical Advisory Committee on Disposition of Savannah River Reactor Site Metallic Fuel
  • American Nuclear Society, Materials Science and Technology Division, Committee Member

Major Product Development

Responsible for the conception, development, and bringing to commercial acceptance of a super alloy, Alloy 908, for use in cryogenic magnet systems. This alloy was chosen as the sheath material for ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor).

Recent News

BP announced research plans with MIT and University of Manchester

BP is supporting a new program on materials and corrosion research, as it applies to oilfield applications. The initial investment from BP has been $2 million, with the company intending to match this for up to a further four years. The MIT team includes Profs. Ron Ballinger, Michael Demkowicz,…   more

Publications

2017

S. T. Lam, Stempien, J., Ballinger, R., and Forsberg, C., “Tritium Management and Control Using Carbon in a Fluoride-Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactor”, Fusion Science and Technology, vol. 71. pp. 644-648, 2017.

2016

J. D. Stempien, Ballinger, R., and Forsberg, C. W., “An integrated model of tritium transport and corrosion in Fluoride Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors (FHRs) - Part I: Theory and benchmarking”, Nuclear Engineering and Design, vol. 310. pp. 258-272, 2016.
K. Shirvan, Ballinger, R., Buongiorno, J., Forsberg, C., Kazimi, M., and Todreas, N., “Technology Selection for Offshore Underwater Small Modular Reactors”, Nuclear Engineering and Technology, vol. 48. pp. 1303-1314, 2016.
C. W. Forsberg, Stempien, J. D., Minck, M. J., and Ballinger, R., “Understanding and Pathways to Avoid Major Fuel Failures and Radionuclide Releases in Fluoride Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactor Severe Accidents”, Nuclear Technology, vol. 194. pp. 295-313, 2016.

2013

M. P. Short, Ballinger, R., and Hanninen, H. E., “Corrosion resistance of alloys F91 and Fe-12Cr-2Si in lead-bismuth eutectic up to 715 degrees C”, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 434. pp. 259-281, 2013.

2012

M. P. Short and Ballinger, R., “A Functionally Graded Composite for Service in High-Temperature Lead- and Lead-Bismuth-Cooled Nuclear Reactors-I: Design”, Nuclear Technology, vol. 177. pp. 366-381, 2012.

2011

T. Lucas, Ballinger, R., Hanninen, H., and Saukkonen, T., “Effect of Thermal Aging on SCC, Material Properties and Fracture Toughness of Stainless Steel Weld Metals”, 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials. pp. 883-900, 2011.
J. P. Gibbs, Ballinger, R., Jackson, J. H., Isheim, D., and Haenninen, H., “Stress Corrosion Cracking and Crack Tip Characterization of Alloy X-750”, 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials. pp. 745-760, 2011.

2010

J. K. Benz, Kim, J. H., and Ballinger, R., “Effect of Oxygen Potential on Crack Growth in Alloys for Advanced Energy Systems”, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power-Transactions of the Asme, vol. 132. p. 102901, 2010.

2009

J. K. Benz, Kim, J. H., and Ballinger, R., Effect of Oxygen Potential on Crack Growth in Alloys for Advanced Energy Systems. 2009.

2008

S. K. Min and Ballinger, R., “Effect of oxygen on the degradation of alloy 908 in gaseous environments”, Corrosion, vol. 64. pp. 733-743, 2008.
J. H. Kim and Ballinger, R., “Stress corrosion cracking crack growth behavior of type 316L stainless steel weld metals in boiling water reactor environments”, Corrosion, vol. 64. pp. 645-656, 2008.

2006

H. J. MacLean, Ballinger, R., Kolaya, L. E., Simonson, S. A., Lewis, N., and Hanson, M. E., “The effect of annealing at 1500 degrees C on migration and release of ion implanted silver in CVD silicon carbide”, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 357. pp. 31-47, 2006.
J. Feng, Kim, J. H., Ballinger, R., and Minervini, J. V., “Mechanical properties of JK2LB at 4K”, in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol 52A & 52B, vol. 824, 2006, pp. 192-199.

2004

D. Wang, Ballinger, R., and MacLean, H. J., “Timcoat: An integrated fuel performance model for coated particle fuel”, Nuclear Technology, vol. 148. pp. 68-96, 2004.
E. P. Loewen, Ballinger, R., and Lim, J., “Corrosion studies in support of a medium-power lead-alloy-cooled reactor”, Nuclear Technology, vol. 147. pp. 436-456, 2004.
R. Ballinger and Lim, J., “An overview of corrosion issues for the design and operation of high-temperature lead- and lead-bismuth-cooled reactor systems”, Nuclear Technology, vol. 147. pp. 418-435, 2004.

2002

Y. Long, Yuan, Y., Kazimi, M. S., Ballinger, R., and Pilat, E. E., “A fission gas release model for high-burnup LWR ThO2-UO2 fuel”, Nuclear Technology, vol. 138. pp. 260-272, 2002.
B. Andersson et al., “Test reactor studies of the shadow corrosion phenomenon”, in Zirconium in the Nuclear Industry: Thirteenth International Symposium, vol. 1423, 2002, pp. 583-613.
M. Takayasu, Ballinger, R., Goldfarb, R. B., Squitieri, A. A., Lee, P. J., and Larbalestier, D. C., “Multifilamentary Nb3Sn wires reacted in hydrogen gas”, in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vols 48a and B, vol. 614, 2002, pp. 986-993.

1998

B. W. Brisson, Ballinger, R., and McIlree, A. R., “Intergranular stress corrosion cracking initiation and growth in mill-annealed alloy 600 tubing in high-temperature caustic”, Corrosion, vol. 54. pp. 504-514, 1998.
E. H. Han, Hughes, R. J., Au, H., Ballinger, R., Grundy, D., and Stahle, P., “Fracture toughness and tensile behavior of Incoloy 908”, in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Materials, Vol 44, Pts a and B, vol. 44, 1998, pp. 57-64.

1997

B. W. Brisson, Ballinger, R., and McIlree, A. R., IGSCC crack initiation and growth in mill annealed alloy 600 tubing in high temperature caustic. 1997.

1995

Y. Watanabe, Ballinger, R., Harling, O., and Kohse, G., “Effects of Neutron-Irradiation on Transpassive Corrosion Behavior of Austenitic Stainless-Steels”, Corrosion, vol. 51. pp. 651-659, 1995.

1994

C. Jang, Hwang, I., Ballinger, R., and Steeves, M., “Development of a High Toughness Weld for Incoloy Alloy 908”, in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol 40, Pts a and B: Materials, vol. 40, 1994, pp. 1323-1330.
M. Morra, Nicol, S., Toma, L., Hwang, I., Steeves, M., and Ballinger, R., “Stress Accelerated Grain-Boundary Oxidation of Incoloy Alloy 908 in High-Temperature Oxygenous Atmospheres”, in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol 40, Pts a and B: Materials, vol. 40, 1994, pp. 1291-1298.

1992

A. Turnbull, Ballinger, R., Hwang, I., Morra, M., Psailadombrowski, M., and Gates, R., “Hydrogen Transport in Nickel-Base Alloys”, Metallurgical Transactions a-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, vol. 23. pp. 3231-3244, 1992.
M. Morra, Ballinger, R., and Hwang, I., “Incoloy-908, a Low Coefficient of Expansion Alloy for High-Strength Cryogenic Applications .1. Physical Metallurgy”, Metallurgical Transactions a-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, vol. 23. pp. 3177-3192, 1992.
I. Hwang, Morra, M., Ballinger, R., Nakajima, H., Shimamoto, S., and Tobler, R., “Charpy Absorbed Energy and Jic as Measures of Cryogenic Fracture-Toughness”, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, vol. 20. pp. 248-258, 1992.
I. Hwang and Ballinger, R., “A Multifrequency Ac Potential Drop Technique for the Detection of Small Cracks”, Measurement Science & Technology, vol. 3. pp. 62-74, 1992.
H. Nakajima et al., The Charpy Impact Test as an Evaluation of 4-K Fracture-Toughness, vol. 38. 1992.
I. Hwang, Ballinger, R., Morra, M., and Steeves, M., Mechanical-Properties of Incoloy 908 - an Update, vol. 38. 1992.

1991

K. Kumar, Hwang, I., Ballinger, R., Dauwalter, C., and Stecyk, A., “Analyses of Palladium Cathodes Used for Heavy-Water Electrolysis”, Fusion Technology, vol. 19. pp. 178-187, 1991.
R. Tobler et al., “Charpy Impact Tests Near Absolute-Zero”, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, vol. 19. pp. 34-40, 1991.

1989

I. Hwang, Ballinger, R., Prybylowski, J., and Hosoya, K., “Electrochemistry of Multiphase Nickel-Base Alloys in Aqueous Systems”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 136. pp. 1874-1883, 1989.

1988

M. Morra, Ballinger, R., and Hwang, I., “The Relationship Between Processing, Structure and Properties of a New High-Strength, Low Coefficient of Expansion Alloy for Cryogenic Service”, Journal of Metals, vol. 40. pp. 115-115, 1988.
M. Steeves et al., “The Us-Dpc, a Poloidal Coil Test Insert for the Japanese Demonstration Poloidal Coil Test Facility”, Ieee Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 24. pp. 1307-1310, 1988.

1987

S. Simonson, Christensen, R., and Ballinger, R., “Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Applied to a Model of Irradiation Assisted Degradation of Metals”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 134. pp. C419 - C419, 1987.
I. Hwang, Ballinger, R., and Hosoya, K., “High-Temperature Electrochemistry of Precipitation Hardened Ni-Base Alloys in Aqueous Systems”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 134. pp. C422 - C422, 1987.
M. Psaila and Ballinger, R., “Mathematical-Modeling of Crack Chemistry”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 134. pp. C424 - C424, 1987.

1984

R. Ballinger, Lucas, G., and Pelloux, R., “The Effect of Plastic Strain on the Evolution of Crystallographic Texture in Zircaloy-2”, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 126. pp. 53-69, 1984.

1981

R. Ballinger and Pelloux, R., “The Effect of Anisotropy on the Mechanical-Behavior of Zircaloy-2”, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 97. pp. 231-253, 1981.

1979

G. Was, Tischner, H., Ballinger, R., Hall, E. L., Latanision, R., and Pelloux, R., “Effect of Heat-Treatment on Segregation and Precipitation of Trace-Elements in Inconel 600”, Journal of Metals, vol. 31. pp. F4 - F4, 1979.

1976

R. Ballinger, Dobson, W., and Biederman, R., “Oxidation Reaction-Kinetics of Zircaloy-4 in an Unlimited Steam Environment”, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 62. pp. 213-220, 1976.