Donald R. Sadoway

  • John F. Elliott Professor of Materials Chemistry
  • B.A.Sc., Engineering Science, University of Toronto, 1972
  • M.A.Sc., Chemical Metallurgy, University of Toronto, 1973
  • Ph.D., Chemical Metallurgy, University of Toronto, 1977

Electrochemistry; Energy; Energy Storage; Environment; Materials Processing; Materials Chemistry; Metallurgy

Donald R. Sadoway

Research

Professor Sadoway's research seeks to establish the scientific underpinnings for technologies that make efficient use of energy and natural resources in an environmentally sound manner. This spans engineering applications and the supportive fundamental science. The overarching theme of his work is electrochemistry in nonaqueous media.

Specific topics in applied research are the following: environmentally sound electrochemical extraction and recycling of metals, lithium solid-polymer-electrolyte batteries, advanced materials for use as electrodes, separators, and walls in fused-salt electrolysis cells and batteries, electrochemical sensors, electrochemical synthesis of thin films of compound semiconductors in fused-salt and cryogenic media, and electrochemically controlled superconducting devices.

Related to these are the following topics in fundamental research: the physical chemistry and electrochemistry of molten salts (including molten oxides), cryogenic electrolytes, and solid polymer electrolytes.

Recent News

Sadoway on The Future of Battery Storage and Renewable Energies

"Recently I had the chance to speak with one of those visionaries: A scientist who has spent an entire career working on (and inventing) grid-level renewable energy storage mechanisms. Professor Donald Sadoway is a current MIT professor, an inventor with over a dozen patents, and a 2012 TIME “…   more

Don Sadoway will Keynote The Battery Show 2018

The Battery Show, North America's largest advanced battery technology event, has announced that Don Sadoway will be one of the keynote speakers at the 2018 event, where he will discuss his groundbreaking work on the liquid metal battery. About Dr. Donald R. Sadoway:…   more

Aluminum production could get much better for the environment

You probably don’t think about aluminum very much. But you should. The ubiquitous metal is in airplanes, iPhones, and engine blocks made by General Motors, to name just a few uses. A 12-inch MacBook, for example, consists of over half a pound of aluminum. And since the late 19th century, the…   more

A new approach to rechargeable batteries

A type of battery first invented nearly five decades ago could catapult to the forefront of energy storage technologies, thanks to a new finding by researchers at MIT. The battery, based on electrodes made of sodium and nickel chloride and using a new type of metal mesh membrane, could be used…   more

10 years of energy research at MIT

Q: What are some of the most significant research impacts the MIT energy community has made over the past decade? A: While the horizon for the majority of energy research we do here at MIT is generally at least several decades, some researchers have already been able to translate their…   more

Sadoway named AIST John Elliott Lecturer

Don Sadoway was honored with the John F. Elliott Lectureship Award by the Association for Iron and Steel Technology (AIST) at AISTech2017.  John F. Elliott Lectureship Award — Established in 1990, this honorary lectureship is designed to acquaint students and engineers…   more

Publications

2019

N. Weber et al., “Modeling discontinuous potential distributions using the finite volume method, and application to liquid metal batteries”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 318. Elsevier BV, pp. 857-864, 2019.

2018

D. Tang, Zheng, K., Yin, H., Mao, X., Sadoway, D. R., and Wang, D., “Electrochemical growth of a corrosion-resistant multi-layer scale to enable an oxygen-evolution inert anode in molten carbonate”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 279. pp. 250-257, 2018.
J. Peng, Yin, H., Zhao, J., Yang, X., Bard, A. J., and Sadoway, D. R., “Liquid-Tin-Assisted Molten Salt Electrodeposition of Photoresponsive n-Type Silicon Films”, Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 28. p. 1703551, 2018.
H. Yin et al., “Faradaically selective membrane for liquid metal displacement batteries”, Nature Energy, vol. 3. pp. 127-131, 2018.
F. Chen et al., “All-Solid-State Lithium Battery Fitted with Polymer Electrolyte Enhanced by Solid Plasticizer and Conductive Ceramic Filler”, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 165. p. A3558—A3565, 2018.

2017

S. So et al., “The double-walled nature of TiO 2 nanotubes and formation of tube-in-tube structures – a characterization of different tube morphologies”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 231. pp. 721-731, 2017.
T. Ouchi and Sadoway, D. R., “Positive current collector for Li\textbar\textbarSb-Pb liquid metal battery”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 357. pp. 158-163, 2017.
F. Chen et al., “Solid polymer electrolytes incorporating cubic Li7La3Zr2O12 for all-solid-state lithium rechargeable batteries”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 258. pp. 1106-1114, 2017.
J. M. Newhouse and Sadoway, D. R., “Charge-Transfer Kinetics of Alloying in Mg-Sb and Li-Bi Liquid Metal Electrodes”, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 164. p. A2665—A2669, 2017.
R. F. Ashour, Yin, H., Ouchi, T., Kelley, D. H., and Sadoway, D. R., “Communication—Molten Amide-Hydroxide-Iodide Electrolyte for a Low-Temperature Sodium-Based Liquid Metal Battery”, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 164. p. A535—A537, 2017.

2015

X. Ning, Phadke, S., Chung, B., Yin, H., Burke, P., and Sadoway, D. R., “Self-healing Li-Bi liquid metal battery for grid-scale energy storage”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 275. pp. 370-376, 2015.
X. Ning, Phadke, S., Chung, B., Yin, H., Burke, P., and Sadoway, D. R., “Self-healing Li-Bi liquid metal battery for grid-scale energy storage”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 275. pp. 370-376, 2015.
M. M. Kane, Newhouse, J. M., and Sadoway, D. R., “Electrochemical Determination of the Thermodynamic Properties of Lithium-Antimony Alloys”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 162. pp. A421 - A425, 2015.
B. L. Spatocco, Ouchi, T., Lambotte, G., Burke, P. J., and Sadoway, D. R., “Low-Temperature Molten Salt Electrolytes for Membrane-Free Sodium Metal Batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 162. pp. A2729 - A2736, 2015.

2014

K. Wang et al., “Lithium-antimony-lead liquid metal battery for grid-level energy storage”, Nature, vol. 514. p. 348 - +, 2014.
D. H. Kelley and Sadoway, D. R., “Mixing in a liquid metal electrode”, Physics of Fluids, vol. 26. 2014.
T. Ouchi, Kim, H., Ning, X., and Sadoway, D. R., “Calcium-Antimony Alloys as Electrodes for Liquid Metal Batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 161. pp. A1898 - A1904, 2014.

2013

H. Kim, Boysen, D. A., Ouchi, T., and Sadoway, D. R., “Calcium-bismuth electrodes for large-scale energy storage (liquid metal batteries)”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 241. pp. 239-248, 2013.
Q. Hu, Caputo, A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Solid-state Graft Copolymer Electrolytes for Lithium Battery Applications”, Jove-Journal of Visualized Experiments. p. UNSP - e50067, 2013.
S. Poizeau and Sadoway, D. R., “Application of the Molecular Interaction Volume Model (MIVM) to Calcium-Based Liquid Alloys of Systems Forming High-Melting Intermetallics”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 135. pp. 8260-8265, 2013.
A. Allanore, Yin, L., and Sadoway, D. R., “A new anode material for oxygen evolution in molten oxide electrolysis”, Nature, vol. 497. p. 353 - +, 2013.
H. Yin et al., “Capture and electrochemical conversion of CO2 to value-added carbon and oxygen by molten salt electrolysis”, Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 6. pp. 1538-1545, 2013.
H. Kim et al., “Liquid Metal Batteries: Past, Present, and Future”, Chemical Reviews, vol. 113. pp. 2075-2099, 2013.
J. M. Newhouse, Poizeau, S., Kim, H., Spatocco, B. L., and Sadoway, D. R., “Thermodynamic properties of calcium-magnesium alloys determined by emf measurements”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 91. pp. 293-301, 2013.

2012

C. A. Ashe et al., “Web-based simulation engine for 2D interactive simulations of molecular systems”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 244. 2012.
C. A. Ashe et al., “Web-based simulation engine for 2D interactive simulations of molecular systems”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 244. 2012.
S. Poizeau, Kim, H., Newhouse, J. M., Spatocco, B. L., and Sadoway, D. R., “Determination and modeling of the thermodynamic properties of liquid calcium-antimony alloys”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 76. pp. 8-15, 2012.
A. Locknar, Mitchell, R., Rankin, J., and Sadoway, D. R., “Integration of Information Literacy Components into a Large First-Year Lecture-Based Chemistry Course”, Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 89. pp. 487-491, 2012.
D. J. Bradwell, Kim, H., Sirk, A. H. C., and Sadoway, D. R., “Magnesium-Antimony Liquid Metal Battery for Stationary Energy Storage”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 134. pp. 1895-1897, 2012.
H. Kim et al., “Thermodynamic properties of calcium-bismuth alloys determined by emf measurements”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 60. pp. 154-162, 2012.

2011

D. J. Bradwell, Osswald, S., Wei, W., Barriga, S. A., Ceder, G., and Sadoway, D. R., “Recycling ZnTe, CdTe, and Other Compound Semiconductors by Ambipolar Electrolysis”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 133. pp. 19971-19975, 2011.
H. A. G. Stern, Sadoway, D. R., and Tester, J. W., “Copper sulfate reference electrode”, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 659. pp. 143-150, 2011.
Q. Hu et al., “Graft copolymer-based lithium-ion battery for high-temperature operation”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 196. pp. 5604-5610, 2011.
D. J. Yaron et al., “Central Ideas of Molecular Science (CIMS): A cross-disciplinary approach”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 241. 2011.
D. Wang, Gmitter, A. J., and Sadoway, D. R., “Production of Oxygen Gas and Liquid Metal by Electrochemical Decomposition of Molten Iron Oxide”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 158. pp. E51 - E54, 2011.
S. Poizeau and Sadoway, D. R., “Towards a design tool for self-heated cells producing liquid metal by electrolysis”, Light Metals 2011. pp. 387-392, 2011.
H. Kim, Paramore, J., Allanore, A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Electrolysis of Molten Iron Oxide with an Iridium Anode: The Role of Electrolyte Basicity”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 158. pp. E101 - E105, 2011.
A. Allanore, Ortiz, L. A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Molten Oxide Electrolysis for Iron Production: Identification of Key Process Parameters for Largescale Development”, Energy Technology 2011: Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy and Waste Heat Recovery. pp. 121-129, 2011.
A. Allanore, Ortiz, L. A., and Sadoway, D. R., “MOLTEN OXIDE ELECTROLYSIS FOR IRON PRODUCTION: IDENTIFICATION OF KEY PROCESS PARAMETERS FOR LARGESCALE DEVELOPMENT”, Energy Technology 2011: Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy and Waste Heat Recovery. pp. 121-129, 2011.
W. Wei, Mao, X., Ortiz, L. A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Oriented silver oxide nanostructures synthesized through a template-free electrochemical route”, Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 21. pp. 432-438, 2011.
H. Kim, Paramore, J., Allanore, A., and Sadoway, D. R., “The influence of electrolyte basicity on the performance of an iridium anode for the electrolysis of molten iron oxide”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. vol. 158. p. 101, 2011.

2010

A. H. C. Sirk, Sadoway, D. R., and Sibille, L., “Direct Electrolysis of Molten Lunar Regolith for the Production of Oxygen and Metals on the Moon”, Electrochemistry in Mineral and Metal Processing 8 (emmp 8), vol. 28. pp. 367-373, 2010.
D. Yaron et al., “Instruction Online: Core Components for Re-Use”, in Enhancing Learning with Online Resources, Social Networking, and Digital Libraries, vol. 1060, 2010, pp. 235-262.
H. Kim, Paramore, J., Allanore, A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Stability of Iridium Anode in Molten Oxide Electrolysis for Ironmaking: Influence of Slag Basicity”, Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids 17, vol. 33. pp. 219-230, 2010.
H. Kim, Paramore, J., Allanore, A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Stability of Iridium Anode in Molten Oxide Electrolysis for Ironmaking: Influence of Slag Basicity”, in Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids 17, vol. 33, 2010, pp. 219-230.

2009

D. J. Yaron et al., “Cross-disciplinary molecular science education in introductory science courses”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 237. 2009.

2008

L. M. Bartolo et al., “Materials informatics: Facilitating the integration of data-driven materials research with education”, Jom, vol. 60. pp. 51-52, 2008.
E. A. Olivetti, Avery, K. C., Taniguchi, I., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Electrochemical characterization of vanadium oxide nanostructured electrode”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 155. pp. A488 - A493, 2008.
A. H. C. Sirk and Sadoway, D. R., “Electrochemical synthesis of diamondlike carbon films”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 155. pp. E49 - E55, 2008.

2007

F. Frankel, Sadoway, D. R., Rosenberg, R., Larrabee, J., Muldoon, C., and Haste, H., “CHED 61-Creative activities for National Chemistry Week and your classes”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 234. 2007.
A. Locknar and Sadoway, D. R., “Partnering with the libraries: Chemical information instruction for a large freshmen core chemistry course”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 234. 2007.
J. L. Lutkenhaus, Olivetti, E. A., Verploegen, E. A., Cord, B. M., Sadoway, D. R., and Hammond, P. T., “Anisotropic structure and transport in self-assembled layered polymer-clay nanocomposites”, Langmuir, vol. 23. pp. 8515-8521, 2007.

2006

E. A. Olivetti, Kim, J. H., Sadoway, D. R., Asatekin, A., and Mayes, A. M., “Sol-gel synthesis of vanadium oxide within a block copolymer matrix”, Chemistry of Materials, vol. 18. pp. 2828-2833, 2006.
S. C. Mui, Jasinski, J., Leppert, V. J., Mitome, M., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Microstructure effects on the electrochemical kinetics of vanadium pentoxide thin-film cathodes”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 153. pp. A1372 - A1377, 2006.
P. E. Trapa, Reyes, A. B., Gupta, R. S. D., Mayes, A. M., and Sadoway, D. R., “Polarization in cells containing single-ion graft copolymer electrolytes”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 153. pp. A1098 - A1101, 2006.

2005

N. Ariel, Ceder, G., Sadoway, D. R., and Fitzgerald, E. A., “Electrochemically controlled transport of lithium through ultrathin SiO2”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 98. 2005.
M. Kurian, Galvin, M. E., Trapa, P. E., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Single-ion conducting polymer-silicate nanocomposite electrolytes for lithium battery applications”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 50. pp. 2125-2134, 2005.
A. M. Johnson, Sadoway, D. R., Cima, M. J., and Langer, R., “Design and testing of an impedance-based sensor for monitoring drug delivery”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 152. pp. H6 - H11, 2005.
S. W. Ryu, Trapa, P. E., Olugebefola, S. C., Gonzalez-Leon, J. A., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Effect of counter ion placement on conductivity in single-ion conducting block copolymer electrolytes”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 152. pp. A158 - A163, 2005.
L. M. Bartolo, Lowe, C. S., Sadoway, D. R., and Trapa, P. E., Large introductory science courses & digital libraries. 2005.
P. E. Trapa et al., “Rubbery graft copolymer electrolytes for solid-state, thin-film lithium batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 152. pp. A1 - A5, 2005.
P. E. Trapa, Acar, M. H., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Synthesis and characterization of single-ion graft copolymer electrolytes”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 152. pp. A2281 - A2284, 2005.

2004

D. R. Sadoway, “Block and graft copolymer, electrolytes for high-performance, solid-state, lithium batteries”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 129. pp. 1-3, 2004.
L. M. Bartolo et al., The materials DigiW library: MatDL.org. 2004.
L. M. Bartolo, Lowe, C. S., Powell, A. C., Sadoway, D. R., Vieyra, J., and Stemen, K., Use of MatML with software applications for e-learning. 2004.

2003

Y. I. Jang, Chou, F. C., Huang, B. Y., Sadoway, D. R., and Chiang, Y. M., “Magnetic characterization of orthorhombic LiMnO2 and electrochemically transformed spinel LixMnO2 (x < 1)”, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 64. pp. 2525-2533, 2003.
D. R. Sadoway, “Teaching general chemistry via a materials-centered curriculum: Reinvigorating engineering education.”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 226. pp. U256 - U257, 2003.
S. W. Ryu, Trapa, P. E., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Single-ion block copolymer electrolytes for solid-state lithium rechargeable batteries.”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 225. pp. U640 - U640, 2003.

2002

S. C. Mui et al., “Block copolymer-templated nanocomposite electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 149. pp. A1610 - A1615, 2002.
D. R. Sadoway and Mayes, A. M., “Portable power: Advanced rechargeable lithium batteries”, Mrs Bulletin, vol. 27. pp. 590-592, 2002.
P. E. Trapa, Huang, B. Y., Won, Y. Y., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Block copolymer electrolytes synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization for solid-state, thin-film lithium batteries”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 5. pp. A85 - A88, 2002.
D. J. Harris, Bonagamba, T. J., Schmidt-Rohr, K., Soo, P. P., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Solid-state NMR investigation of block copolymer electrolyte dynamics”, Macromolecules, vol. 35. pp. 3772-3774, 2002.
A. Ducret, Khetpal, D., and Sadoway, D. R., Electrical conductivity and transference number measurements of FeO-CaO-MgO-SiO2 melts, vol. 2002. 2002.
H. M. Zhu and Sadoway, D. R., Towards elimination of the anode effect and perfluorocarbon emissions from Hall-Heroult cells, vol. 2002. 2002.

2001

H. M. Zhu and Sadoway, D. R., “Synthesis of nanoscale particles of Ta and Nb3Al by homogeneous reduction in liquid ammonia”, Journal of Materials Research, vol. 16. pp. 2544-2549, 2001.
N. A. Fried, Rhoads, K. G., and Sadoway, D. R., “Transference number measurements of TiO2-BaO melts by stepped-potential chronoamperometry”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 46. pp. 3351-3358, 2001.
B. Y. Huang et al., “High energy density, thin-film, rechargeable lithium batteries for marine field operations”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 97-8. pp. 674-676, 2001.
D. R. Sadoway, Huang, B. Y., Trapa, P. E., Soo, P. P., Bannerjee, P., and Mayes, A. M., “Self-doped block copolymer electrolytes for solid-state, rechargeable lithium batteries”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 97-8. pp. 621-623, 2001.
A. V. G. Ruzette, Soo, P. P., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Melt-formable block copolymer electrolytes for lithium rechargeable batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 148. pp. A537 - A543, 2001.
D. R. Sadoway, “Inert anodes for the Hall-Heroult cell: The ultimate materials challenge”, Jom-Journal of the Minerals Metals & Materials Society, vol. 53. pp. 34-35, 2001.
A. M. Mayes et al., “Nanoscale assembly of lithium rechargeable battery components.”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 221. pp. U621 - U621, 2001.
M. J. Harrison, Magill-Evans, J., and Sadoway, D. R., “Scores on the Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scale for father-toddler dyads”, Public Health Nursing, vol. 18. pp. 94-100, 2001.
H. M. Zhu and Sadoway, D. R., Anode reactions during electrolytic production of aluminum. 2001.
H. M. Zhu and Sadoway, D. R., “Towards elimination of anode effect and PFC emissions via current shunting”, in Light Metals 2001, 2001, pp. 303-306.

2000

Y. I. Jang, Huang, B., Chou, F. C., Sadoway, D. R., and Chiang, Y. M., “Magnetic characterization of lambda-MnO2 and Li2Mn2O4 prepared by electrochemical cycling of LiMn2O4”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 87. pp. 7382-7388, 2000.
H. M. Zhu and Sadoway, D. R., An electroanalytical study of electrode reactions on carbon anodes during electrolytic production of aluminum. 2000.

1999

Y. I. Jang, Huang, B. Y., Wang, H. F., Sadoway, D. R., and Chiang, Y. M., “Electrochemical cycling-induced spinel formation in high-charge-capacity orthorhombic LiMnO2”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 146. pp. 3217-3223, 1999.
H. F. Wang, Jang, Y. I., Huang, B. Y., Sadoway, D. R., and Chiang, Y. M., “Electron microscopic characterization of electrochemically cycled LiCoO2 and Li(Al,Co)O-2 battery cathodes”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 81. pp. 594-598, 1999.
Y. I. Jang et al., “Synthesis and characterization of LiAlyCo1-yO2 and LiAlyNi1-yO2”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 81. pp. 589-593, 1999.
A. M. Mayes, Soo, P. P., Huang, B. Y., Sadoway, D. R., Harris, D. J., and Schmidt-Rohr, K., “Block copolymer electrolytes for rechargeable lithium batteries.”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 218. pp. U661 - U661, 1999.
Y. M. Chiang, Sadoway, D. R., Jang, Y. I., Huang, B. Y., and Wang, H. F., “High capacity, temperature-stable lithium aluminum manganese oxide cathodes for rechargeable batteries”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 2. pp. 107-110, 1999.
Y. I. Jang et al., “LiAlyCo1-yO2 (R(3)over-bar-m) intercalation cathode for rechargeable lithium batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 146. pp. 862-868, 1999.
H. F. Wang, Jang, Y. I., Huang, B. Y., Sadoway, D. R., and Chiang, Y. M., “TEM study of electrochemical cycling-induced damage and disorder in LiCoO2 cathodes for rechargeable lithium batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 146. pp. 473-480, 1999.
P. P. Soo, Huang, B. Y., Jang, Y. I., Chiang, Y. M., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Rubbery block copolymer electrolytes for solid-state rechargeable lithium batteries”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 146. pp. 32-37, 1999.
H. M. Zhu and Sadoway, D. R., The electrode kinetics of perfluorocarbon (PFC) generation. 1999.
L. A. Ortiz and Sadoway, D. R., A spectroscopic and electrochemical study of titanium electrorefining. 1999.
H. M. Zhu and Sadoway, D. R., Synthesis of intermetallic compounds by reduction of multicomponent solutions of liquid ammonia. 1999.

1998

T. H. Okabe and Sadoway, D. R., “Metallothermic reduction as an electronically mediated reaction”, Journal of Materials Research, vol. 13. pp. 3372-3377, 1998.
B. Huang, Jang, Y. I., Chiang, Y. M., and Sadoway, D. R., “Electrochemical evaluation of LiCoO2 synthesized by decomposition and intercalation of hydroxides for lithium-ion battery applications”, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 28. pp. 1365-1369, 1998.
S. L. Schiefelbein, Fried, N. A., Rhoads, K. G., and Sadoway, D. R., “A high-accuracy, calibration-free technique for measuring the electrical conductivity of liquids”, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 69. pp. 3308-3313, 1998.
P. P. Soo, Huang, B. Y., Sadoway, D. R., and Mayes, A. M., “Rubbery block copolymer electrolytes for rechargeable lithium batteries.”, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 216. pp. U861 - U861, 1998.
Y. I. Jang, Huang, B. Y., Chiang, Y. M., and Sadoway, D. R., “Stabilization of LiMnO2 in the alpha-NaFeO2 structure type by LiAlO2 addition”, Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, vol. 1. pp. 13-16, 1998.
G. J. Kipouros and Sadoway, D. R., “Toward new technologies for the production of lithium”, Jom-Journal of the Minerals Metals & Materials Society, vol. 50. pp. 24-26, 1998.
G. Ceder, Chiang, Y. M., Sadoway, D. R., Aydinol, M. K., Jang, Y. I., and Huang, B., “Identification of cathode materials for lithium batteries guided by first-principles calculations”, Nature, vol. 392. pp. 694-696, 1998.
Y. M. Chiang, Jang, Y. I., Wang, H. F., Huang, B. Y., Sadoway, D. R., and Ye, P. X., “Synthesis of LiCoO2 by decomposition and intercalation of hydroxides”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 145. pp. 887-891, 1998.
D. R. Sadoway, “Materials and the environment: Towards sustainable development - Introduction”, Journal of Materials Research, vol. 13. pp. 1-2, 1998.
T. H. Okabe and Sadoway, D. R., New environmentally friendly processes for the production of refractory metals by metallothermic reduction. 1998.
Y. I. Jang, Huang, B., Wang, H., Chiang, Y. M., and Sadoway, D. R., “Effects of aluminum doping on the phase stability and electrochemical properties of LiCoO2 and LiMnO2”, in Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Ii-Batteries, Capacitors and Fuel Cells, vol. 496, 1998, pp. 403-408.

1997

S. L. Schiefelbein and Sadoway, D. R., “High-accuracy, calibration-free technique for measuring the electrical conductivity of molten oxides”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B-Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 28. pp. 1141-1149, 1997.
R. B. Michnick, Rhoads, K. G., and Sadoway, D. R., “Relative dielectric constant measurements in the butyronitrile-chloroethane system at subambient temperatures”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 144. pp. 2392-2398, 1997.
S. S. Nissen and Sadoway, D. R., Perfluorocarbon (PFC) generation in laboratory-scale aluminum reduction cells. 1997.

1996

R. B. Michnick and Sadoway, D. R., “Phase diagram of butyronitrile-chloroethane determined by differential thermal analysis”, Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 100. pp. 19628-19631, 1996.
T. H. Okabe, Deura, T. N., Oishi, T., Ono, K., and Sadoway, D. R., “Thermodynamic properties of oxygen in yttrium-oxygen solid solutions”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B-Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 27. pp. 841-847, 1996.
T. H. Okabe, Deura, T. N., Oishi, T., Ono, K., and Sadoway, D. R., “Electrochemical deoxidation of yttrium-oxygen solid solutions”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 237. pp. 150-154, 1996.
H. B. Shapiro and Sadoway, D. R., “Densities in the liquid hydrogen chloride solvent system”, Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 100. pp. 5956-5963, 1996.
R. DeNeufville, Connors, S. R., Field, F. R., Marks, D., Sadoway, D. R., and Tabors, R. D., “The electric car unplugged”, Technology Review, vol. 99. pp. 30-36, 1996.
D. R. Sadoway, Prospects for metals extraction & waste treatment by electrochemical processing in molten salts. 1996.

1995

D. R. Sadoway, “NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR METALS EXTRACTION AND WASTE TREATMENT BY ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSING IN MOLTEN-SALTS”, Journal of Materials Research, vol. 10. pp. 487-492, 1995.

1994

D. R. Sadoway, NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR WASTE TREATMENT BY ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSING IN MOLTEN SALTS. 1994.

1993

D. R. Sadoway, Rubner, M. F., and FLEMINGS, M. C., MITS NEW MATERIALS SYNTHESIS AND PROCESSING LABORATORY - A VEHICLE FOR INCORPORATING DESIGN INTO THE UNDERGRADUATE CURRICULUM. 1993.

1992

K. B. KIM and Sadoway, D. R., “ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENTS OF BINARY-SOLUTIONS OF MOLTEN ALKALINE-EARTH FLUORIDES”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 139. pp. 2128-2133, 1992.
K. B. KIM and Sadoway, D. R., “ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENTS OF MOLTEN ALKALINE-EARTH FLUORIDES”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 139. pp. 1027-1033, 1992.
J. N. HRYN and Sadoway, D. R., CELL TESTING OF METAL ANODES FOR ALUMINUM ELECTROLYSIS. 1992.

1991

D. R. Sadoway, “THE ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSING OF REFRACTORY-METALS”, Jom-Journal of the Minerals Metals & Materials Society, vol. 43. pp. 15-19, 1991.
D. R. Sadoway, THE GENERATION OF COATINGS AND THIN-FILMS OF REFRACTORY-METALS BY ELECTROLYSIS IN NONAQUEOUS MEDIA. 1991.
D. R. Sadoway, METALLURGICAL ELECTROCHEMISTRY - THE INTERFACE BETWEEN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND MOLTEN-SALT CHEMISTRY, vol. 73. 1991.
D. R. Sadoway, METALS, MINERALS, AND CERAMICS MANUFACTURE. 1991.
D. R. Sadoway, TREATMENT OF CHROMATE RESIDUE BY DIRECT ELECTROLYSIS IN MOLTEN OXIDES. 1991.

1990

D. R. Sadoway, A MATERIALS SYSTEMS-APPROACH TO SELECTION AND TESTING OF NONCONSUMABLE ANODES FOR THE HALL CELL. 1990.

1989

E. E. SHAWKI, FLENGAS, S. N., and Sadoway, D. R., “DROP CALORIMETRY OF THE COMPOUNDS NBCL5, TACL5, RBNBCL6, CSNBCL6, RBTACL6, AND CSTACL6”, Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie, vol. 67. pp. 1193-1199, 1989.

1988

G. J. KIPOUROS and Sadoway, D. R., “THE ELECTRODEPOSITION OF IMPROVED MOLYBDENUM COATINGS FROM MOLTEN-SALTS”, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 18. pp. 823-830, 1988.
D. R. Sadoway, “THE ELECTROWINNING, ELECTROREFINING, AND ELECTROPLATING OF RARE-EARTH METALS IN FUSED SALT MEDIA”, Journal of Metals, vol. 40. pp. 116-116, 1988.
F. W. POULSEN, Holten-Andersen, N., CLAUSEN, K. N., Sadoway, D. R., and OGENDAL, L. H., “SUPER IONIC-CONDUCTION IN ALKALI-METAL HEXACHLORO NIOBATES AND TANTALATES”, Solid State Ionics, vol. 28. pp. 271-275, 1988.
L. H. NG and Sadoway, D. R., “DENSITY-MEASUREMENTS IN THE SUCCINONITRILE WATER-SYSTEM”, Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie, vol. 66. pp. 2428-2430, 1988.
D. R. Sadoway, “THE ELECTROWINNING, ELECTROREFINING, AND ELECTROPLATING OF REFRACTORY-METALS IN FUSED SALT MEDIA”, Journal of Metals, vol. 40. pp. A63 - A63, 1988.

1987

C. S. RITTER and Sadoway, D. R., “A THERMOCHEMICAL STUDY OF THE BEHAVIOR OF IMPURITIES IN THE MAGNETHERM PROCESS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 39. pp. A91 - A91, 1987.
J. F. BREDT and Sadoway, D. R., “THE ELECTRODEPOSITION OF MOLYBDENUM FROM CRYOGENIC MEDIA”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 134. pp. C440 - C440, 1987.
R. P. SINGH and Sadoway, D. R., “THE ELECTROLESS DEPOSITION OF METALS FROM FUSED-SALTS”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 134. pp. C440 - C440, 1987.
S. Y. YOON and Sadoway, D. R., “SPECTROSCOPIC AND ELECTROCHEMICAL STUDIES OF MOLTEN-SALT ELECTROLYSIS OF ALUMINUM AND MAGNESIUM”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 134. pp. C515 - C515, 1987.

1986

A. D. MCLEOD, HAGGERTY, J. S., and Sadoway, D. R., “FERRITES AS INERT ANODE MATERIALS FOR HALL CELLS”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 133. pp. C336 - C336, 1986.
D. R. Sadoway, “FUSED SALT ELECTROPLATING”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 133. pp. C321 - C321, 1986.
A. D. MCLEOD, HAGGERTY, J. S., and Sadoway, D. R., “INERT ANODE MATERIALS FOR HALL CELLS”, Cim Bulletin, vol. 79. pp. 92-92, 1986.
G. J. KIPOUROS and Sadoway, D. R., “PHASE-DIAGRAM STUDIES OF THE SYSTEMS KCL-K3MOCL6 AND LICL-K3MOCL6”, Metallurgical Transactions B-Process Metallurgy, vol. 17. pp. 231-232, 1986.

1985

A. D. MCLEOD, HAGGERTY, J. S., and Sadoway, D. R., “INERT ANODES FOR HALL CELLS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 37. pp. A38 - A38, 1985.
S. Y. YOON, Liu, Y., FLINT, J. H., KIPOUROS, G. J., and Sadoway, D. R., “INSITU RAMAN-SPECTROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF MELT CHEMISTRY AND ELECTRODE PROCESSES IN LABORATORY-SCALE ALUMINUM CELLS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 37. pp. A119 - A119, 1985.
S. Y. YOON, FLINT, J. H., KIPOUROS, G. J., and Sadoway, D. R., “RAMAN-SCATTERING STUDIES OF MAGNESIUM ELECTROLYSIS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 37. pp. A114 - A114, 1985.
G. J. KIPOUROS, FLINT, J. H., and Sadoway, D. R., “RAMAN-SPECTROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF ALKALI-METAL HEXACHLORO COMPOUNDS”, Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 24. pp. 3881-3884, 1985.

1984

J. K. KOZIOL and Sadoway, D. R., “ELECTROLYTE FLOW PATTERNS IN MOLTEN-SALT ELECTROLYSIS CELLS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 36. pp. 80-80, 1984.
A. D. MCLEOD, HAGGARTY, J. S., and Sadoway, D. R., “INERT ELECTRODES FOR ALUMINUM ELECTROLYSIS CELLS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 36. pp. 80-80, 1984.
G. J. KIPOUROS and Sadoway, D. R., “MOLYBDENUM COATINGS BY MOLTEN-SALT ELECTROLYSIS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 36. pp. 81-81, 1984.
S. Y. YOON, FLINT, J. H., KIPOUROS, G. J., and Sadoway, D. R., “RAMAN-SCATTERING STUDIES OF MOLTEN-SALT ELECTROLYSIS OF LIGHT-METALS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 36. pp. 81-81, 1984.
S. Y. YOON, FLINT, J. H., KIPOUROS, G. J., and Sadoway, D. R., “RAMAN-SCATTERING STUDIES OF MOLTEN-SALT ELECTROLYSIS OF LIGHT-METALS”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 131. pp. C113 - C113, 1984.
R. P. SINGH, FLINT, J. H., and Sadoway, D. R., “COMPUTER CONTROL OF METAL ELECTROREDUCTION CELLS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 36. pp. 22-22, 1984.
A. D. MCLEOD, HAGGERTY, J. S., and Sadoway, D. R., “ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITIES OF MONOCRYSTALLINE AND POLYCRYSTALLINE TIB2”, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 67. pp. 705-708, 1984.
A. BLOCKBOLTEN, LANDERS, J., and Sadoway, D. R., “ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES AND DEOXIDIZING POTENTIALS OF FLUORIDE-BASED FLUXES FOR ELECTROSLAG AND SUBMERGED-ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM”, Journal of Metals, vol. 36. pp. 33-33, 1984.

1983

A. BLOCKBOLTEN and Sadoway, D. R., “ON BINARY P-T PHASE-DIAGRAMS”, Metallurgical Transactions B-Process Metallurgy, vol. 14. pp. 231-237, 1983.
R. P. SINGH, FLINT, J. H., and Sadoway, D. R., “COMPUTER CONTROL OF METAL ELECTROREDUCTION CELLS BY DIGITAL SIGNAL ANALYSIS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 35. pp. 61-61, 1983.
R. SINGH, FLINT, J. H., and Sadoway, D. R., “DIGITAL SIGNAL ANALYSIS OF METAL ELECTROREDUCTION CELLS”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 130. pp. C321 - C321, 1983.

1982

R. SINGH, FLINT, J. H., and Sadoway, D. R., “DIGITAL SIGNAL ANALYSIS OF METAL ELECTROREDUCTION CELLS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 35. pp. A38 - A38, 1982.
M. H. SUKKAR and Sadoway, D. R., “ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY AND THERMAL-STABILITY MEASUREMENTS OF A MIXED PEROVSKITE OXIDE SYSTEM”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 53. pp. 3686-3689, 1982.
P. GRANEAU and Sadoway, D. R., “ELECTROMAGNETIC JETS OFFER LARGE POTENTIAL TO METALLURGISTS”, Industrial Research & Development, vol. 24. pp. 96-99, 1982.
D. R. Sadoway, “THE MATERIALS - ENERGY SYMBIOSIS”, Chemtech, vol. 12. pp. 625-627, 1982.

1980

D. R. Sadoway and SZEKELY, J., “A NEW EXPERIMENTAL-TECHNIQUE FOR THE STUDY OF TURBULENT ELECTROMAGNETICALLY DRIVEN FLOWS”, Metallurgical Transactions B-Process Metallurgy, vol. 11. pp. 334-336, 1980.
D. R. Sadoway and FLENGAS, S. N., “A NEW PROCESS FOR THE SEPARATION OF TANTALUM FROM NIOBIUM”, Metallurgical Transactions B-Process Metallurgy, vol. 11. pp. 57-62, 1980.
D. R. Sadoway, FLENGAS, S. N., and HANCOCK, R. G. V., “QUANTITATIVE-DETERMINATION OF TANTALUM IN NIOBIUM BY NEUTRON-ACTIVATION ANALYSIS”, Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie, vol. 58. pp. 537-538, 1980.
D. R. Sadoway and FLENGAS, S. N., “THERMODYNAMICS OF TANTALUM-NIOBIUM SEPARATION BY GAS-SOLID REACTIONS IN CHLORIDE SYSTEMS”, Journal of Metals, vol. 32. pp. 62-62, 1980.

1978

D. R. Sadoway and FLENGAS, S. N., “SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF HEXACHLORONIOBATES AND HEXACHLOROTANTALATES”, Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie, vol. 56. pp. 2013-2018, 1978.
D. R. Sadoway and FLENGAS, S. N., “THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ALKALI-METAL HEXACHLORONIOBATE AND HEXACHLOROTANTALATE COMPOUNDS BY VAPOR-PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS”, Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie, vol. 56. pp. 2538-2545, 1978.

1976

D. R. Sadoway and FLENGAS, S. N., “VAPOR-PRESSURES OF SOLID AND LIQUID NBCL-5 AND TACL5”, Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie, vol. 54. pp. 1692-1699, 1976.

1975

D. R. Sadoway and FLENGAS, S. N., “CHARGE ASYMMETRICAL TERNARY MOLTEN-SALT SYSTEMS - THEORY OF DILUTE-SOLUTIONS”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 122. pp. 515-520, 1975.