Antoine Allanore

  • Associate Professor of Metallurgy
  • Chemical engineer diploma, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Industries Chimiques, Nancy, France, 2004
  • M. Sc., Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, Nancy, France, 2004
  • Ph.D., Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, Nancy, France, 2007

CV

Electrochemistry; Corrosion and Environmental Effects; Manufacturing; Materials Processing; Materials Chemistry; Metallurgy; Thermodynamics

Antoine Allanore

Research

Existing extraction and manufacturing processes have been developed at a time of limited awareness of resources scarcity and environmental impact.  These two issues are encapsulated nowadays in the term sustainability, which encompasses a cost metric.  Unfortunately, most of the easy problems affecting the production as well as environmental costs of minerals or metals extraction, and their large scale transformations have been solved. As of today, it is therefore of critical importance to develop innovative approaches to cope with both increasing materials needs and earth intrinsic limitations.

Prof. Allanore’s research applies to the development of sustainable materials extraction and manufacturing process. His predilection processing methods rely on, but are not limited to, using electricity as a mean to provide energetically efficient processes. Each research project combines theoretical approach (e.g., how does the flow of current can affect the performance of an electrolytic process) and phenomenological approach (e.g. what are the actual lab performance of the foreseen electrolytic process).

For mining, one approach consists in developing processing methods that provide maximum use of the elements composing the ore while minimize water usage, chemicals consumption and the amount of residue. In the field of metal extraction, the research focuses on developing innovative processes with higher productivity and metal quality, while targeting minimization of energy consumption and waste generation. On the manufacturing front, the current research aims at providing manufacturing methods that reduces the number of unit-operations, ultimately increasing the productivity and limiting the scrap-rate of manufacture-intensive business.

Recent News

Finding local fertilizer alternatives

Professor Antoine Allanore and his research team have demonstrated a new method of fertilizer production can better suit the needs of farms in Africa and around the globe.   more

Capturing the properties of very hot compounds

The thermodynamic properties of compounds such as aluminum oxide, which are known as refractory materials because they melt at temperatures above 2,000 degrees Celsius (3,632 Fahrenheit), have been difficult to study because few vessels can withstand the heat to contain them, and those that do…   more

Projects make inroads on global food and water challenges

With goals that include finding better ways to purify and desalinate water, improving fertilizer production, and preventing food contamination, nearly two dozen research teams presented updates on their work at a day-long event on Sept. 15. The workshop featured the recipients of grants from the…   more

Materials Day Symposium 2017

Hosted annually by our friends at MPC, Materials Day includes a topical symposium followed by a student poster session. This year the symposium will be broad in scope and will involve primarily speakers from MIT. The theme will be Frontiers in Materials Research. Presentations will be given by speakers who represent MIT’s new generation of leaders in material research.   more

A new way of extracting copper

MIT researchers have identified the proper temperature and chemical mixture to selectively separate pure copper and other metallic trace elements from sulfur-based minerals using molten electrolysis. This one-step, environmentally friendly process simplifies metal production and eliminates the…   more

Liquid tin-sulfur compound shows thermoelectric potential

MIT researchers have developed a liquid thermoelectric device with a molten compound of tin and sulfur that can efficiently convert waste heat to electricity, opening the way to affordably transforming waste heat to power at high temperatures. …   more

Publications

2018

C. Stinn and Allanore, A., “Thermodynamic and Structural Study of the Copper-Aluminum System by the Electrochemical Method Using a Copper-Selective Beta″ Alumina Membrane”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, vol. 49. pp. 3367-3380, 2018.

2017

W. D. Judge, Allanore, A., Sadoway, D. R., and Azimi, G., “E-logpO2 diagrams for ironmaking by molten oxide electrolysis”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 247. pp. 1088-1094, 2017.
B. Heshmat et al., “Terahertz scattering and water absorption for porosimetry”, Optics Express, vol. 25. p. 27370, 2017.
C. Stinn, Nose, K., Okabe, T., and Allanore, A., “Experimentally Determined Phase Diagram for the Barium Sulfide-Copper(I) Sulfide System Above 873 K (600 °C)”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, vol. 48. pp. 2922-2929, 2017.
S. R. Wagstaff and Allanore, A., “Jet Mixing in Direct-Chill Casting of Aluminum: Crater Effects and its Consequence on Centerline Segregation”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, vol. 48. pp. 2114-2122, 2017.
S. R. Wagstaff and Allanore, A., “Jet Mixing in Direct-Chill Casting of Aluminum: Crater Effects and its Consequence on Centerline Segregation”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B-Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 48. pp. 2114-2122, 2017.
S. K. Sahu, Chmielowiec, B., and Allanore, A., “Electrolytic Extraction of Copper, Molybdenum and Rhenium from Molten Sulfide Electrolyte”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 243. pp. 382-389, 2017.
D. Ciceri, de Oliveira, M., Stokes, R. M., Skorina, T., and Allanore, A., “Characterization of potassium agrominerals: Correlations between petrographic features, comminution and leaching of ultrapotassic syenites”, Minerals Engineering, vol. 102. pp. 42-57, 2017.
Y. Zhao, Rinzler, C., and Allanore, A., “Molten Semiconductors for High Temperature Thermoelectricity”, Ecs Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, vol. 6. pp. N3010 - N3016, 2017.
C. C. Rinzler and Allanore, A., “A thermodynamic basis for the electronic properties of molten semiconductors: the role of electronic entropy”, Philosophical Magazine, vol. 97. pp. 561-571, 2017.
S. R. Wagstaff, Wagstaff, R. B., and Allanore, A., Tramp Element Accumulation and Its Effects on Secondary Phase Particles. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 1097-1103.
D. Ciceri, de Oliveira, M., and Allanore, A., “Potassium fertilizer via hydrothermal alteration of K-feldspar ore”, Green Chem., vol. 19. pp. 5187-5202, 2017.
C. Joseph, Wagstaff, S. R., and Allanore, A., Circulation of Grains During Ingot Casting. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 967-972.
A. Allanore, “Electrochemical Engineering for Commodity Metals Extraction”, The Electrochemical Society Interface, vol. 26. pp. 63-68, 2017.
B. R. Nakanishi and Allanore, A., “Electrochemical Study of a Pendant Molten Alumina Droplet and Its Application for Thermodynamic Property Measurements of Al-Ir”, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 164. p. E460—E471, 2017.
S. R. Wagstaff and Allanore, A., Minimization of Macrosegregation Through Jet Erosion of a Continuously Cast Ingot. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 973-980.
S. R. Wagstaff and Allanore, A., Shear Induced Grain Refinement of a Continuously Cast Ingot. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 1005-1012.

2016

A. H. Caldwell, Lai, E., Gmitter, A. J., and Allanore, A., “Influence of mass transfer and electrolyte composition on anodic oxygen evolution in molten oxides”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 219. pp. 178-186, 2016.
S. R. Wagstaff and Allanore, A., “Minimization of Macrosegregation in DC Cast Ingots Through Jet Processing”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B-Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 47. pp. 3132-3138, 2016.
S. R. Wagstaff and Allanore, A., “Centerline Depletion in Direct-Chill Cast Aluminum Alloys: The Avalanche Effect and Its Consequence for Turbulent Jet Casting”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B-Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 47. pp. 3139-3143, 2016.
B. Chmielowiec, Cai, T., and Allanore, A., “Simultaneous Spatial and Temporal Measurements of the Current Distribution in a Miniature Hull Cell”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 163. pp. E142 - E146, 2016.
C. C. Rinzler and Allanore, A., “Connecting electronic entropy to empirically accessible electronic properties in high temperature systems”, Philosophical Magazine, vol. 96. pp. 3041-3053, 2016.
M. -E. Wagner, Valenzuela, R., Vargas, T., Colet-Lagrille, M., and Allanore, A., “Copper Electrodeposition Kinetics Measured by Alternating Current Voltammetry and the Role of Ferrous Species”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 163. pp. D17 - D23, 2016.
S. Sokhanvaran, Lee, S. -K., Lambotte, G., and Allanore, A., “Electrochemistry of Molten Sulfides: Copper Extraction from BaS-Cu2S”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 163. pp. D115 - D120, 2016.

2015

D. Ciceri and Allanore, A., “Microfluidic Leaching of Soil Minerals: Release of K+ from K Feldspar”, Plos One, vol. 10. p. e0139979, 2015.
D. Ciceri, Manning, D. A. C., and Allanore, A., “Historical and technical developments of potassium resources”, Science of the Total Environment, vol. 502. pp. 590-601, 2015.
T. Skorina and Allanore, A., “Aqueous alteration of potassium-bearing aluminosilicate minerals: from mechanism to processing”, Green Chemistry, vol. 17. pp. 2123-2136, 2015.
A. Allanore, “Features and Challenges of Molten Oxide Electrolytes for Metal Extraction”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 162. pp. E13 - E22, 2015.

2013

A. Allanore, “Electrochemical engineering of anodic oxygen evolution in molten oxides”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 110. pp. 587-592, 2013.
A. Allanore, Yin, L., and Sadoway, D. R., “A new anode material for oxygen evolution in molten oxide electrolysis”, Nature, vol. 497. p. 353 - +, 2013.
A. Allanore, “Contribution of Electricity to Materials Processing: Historical and Current Perspectives”, Jom, vol. 65. pp. 130-135, 2013.

2011

H. Kim, Paramore, J., Allanore, A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Electrolysis of Molten Iron Oxide with an Iridium Anode: The Role of Electrolyte Basicity”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 158. pp. E101 - E105, 2011.
A. Allanore, Ortiz, L. A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Molten Oxide Electrolysis for Iron Production: Identification of Key Process Parameters for Largescale Development”, Energy Technology 2011: Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy and Waste Heat Recovery. pp. 121-129, 2011.
A. Allanore, Ortiz, L. A., and Sadoway, D. R., “MOLTEN OXIDE ELECTROLYSIS FOR IRON PRODUCTION: IDENTIFICATION OF KEY PROCESS PARAMETERS FOR LARGESCALE DEVELOPMENT”, Energy Technology 2011: Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy and Waste Heat Recovery. pp. 121-129, 2011.
H. Kim, Paramore, J., Allanore, A., and Sadoway, D. R., “The influence of electrolyte basicity on the performance of an iridium anode for the electrolysis of molten iron oxide”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. vol. 158. p. 101, 2011.

2010

A. Allanore, Lavelaine, H., Birat, J. P., Valentin, G., and Lapicque, F., “Experimental investigation of cell design for the electrolysis of iron oxide suspensions in alkaline electrolyte”, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 40. pp. 1957-1966, 2010.
A. Allanore, Lavelaine, H., Valentin, G., Birat, J. P., Delcroix, P., and Lapicque, F., “Observation and modeling of the reduction of hematite particles to metal in alkaline solution by electrolysis”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 55. pp. 4007-4013, 2010.
H. Kim, Paramore, J., Allanore, A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Stability of Iridium Anode in Molten Oxide Electrolysis for Ironmaking: Influence of Slag Basicity”, Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids 17, vol. 33. pp. 219-230, 2010.
H. Kim, Paramore, J., Allanore, A., and Sadoway, D. R., “Stability of Iridium Anode in Molten Oxide Electrolysis for Ironmaking: Influence of Slag Basicity”, in Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids 17, vol. 33, 2010, pp. 219-230.
A. Allanore, Feng, J., Lavelaine, H., and Ogle, K., “The adsorption of hematite particles on steel in strongly alkaline electrolyte”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. vol. 157. pp. 24-30, 2010.

2009

A. Allanore, Lavelaine, H., and Xuan, W., “Application of Modeling to the Development of an Electrochemical Pilot Cell”, Revue De Metallurgie-Cahiers D Informations Techniques, vol. 106. pp. 440-454, 2009.
H. Lavelaine and Allanore, A., “Optimized Design of an Iron Electrowinning Cell”, Revue De Metallurgie-Cahiers D Informations Techniques, vol. 106. pp. 460-471, 2009.

2008

A. Allanore, Lavelaine, H., Valentin, G., Birat, J. P., and Lapicque, F., “Iron metal production by bulk electrolysis of iron ore particles in aqueous media”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 155. pp. E125 - E129, 2008.
A. Allanore, Lavelaine, H., Valentin, G., Birat, J. P., and Lapicque, F., “Iron metal production by bulk electrolysis of iron ore particles in aqueous media (vol 155, pg E125, 2008)”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 155. pp. S9 - S9, 2008.

2007

A. Allanore, Lavelaine, H., Valentin, G., Birat, J. P., and Lapicque, F., “Electrodeposition of metal iron from dissolved species in alkaline media”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154. pp. E187 - E193, 2007.