Special joint MSE and MIT Physics Chez Pierre Seminar

Synthesis and Properties of Monolayer Amorphous Carbon and Cobalt Doped Black Phosphorus

Barbaros Oezyilmaz

Department of Physics and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore

September 30, 2022 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm 4-331, Duboc Room (Note location!)

Barbaros Oezyilmaz Profile Photo

In the first part of my talk I will discuss the synthesis, by laser-assisted chemical vapor deposition, of centimeter-scale, free-standing, continuous, and stable monolayer amorphous carbon, topologically distinct from disordered graphene. Bulk amorphous materials have been studied extensively and are widely used, yet their atomic arrangement remains an open issue.  Unlike in bulk materials, the structure of monolayer amorphous carbon can be determined by atomic-resolution imaging. Extensive characterization by Raman, X-ray spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy reveals the complete absence of long-range periodicity and a threefold-coordinated structure with a wide distribution of bond lengths, bond angles, and five-, six-, seven- and eight-member rings.  Direct measurements confirm that such a material is insulating, with resistivity values similar to those of boron nitride grown by chemical vapor deposition. Free-standing monolayer amorphous carbon is surprisingly stable and deforms to a high breaking strength, without crack propagation from the point of fracture. Such excellent physical properties could prove useful for permeation and diffusion barriers in applications such as magnetic recording devices and as copper diffusion barrier.

In the second part of my talk I will discuss ferromagnetism in Co-doped semiconducting black phosphorous (BP) up to room temperature. Ferromagnetic semiconductors combine electric field tunability with non volatility. Despite decades in pursuing such co-functionality, room-temperature ferromagnetic order remains a challenge. In Co-doped gate tunable BP, carrier-mediated room-temperature ferromagnetism is corroborated by its performance as a robust ferromagnetic contact in semiconducting tunneling spin-valves and by a large anisotropic magnetoresistance. We demonstrate electric field selection of the dominant majority/minority spins, allowing both gate-controllable inversion and supression of tunneling magnetoresistance on demand.