Enhancing cancer immunotherapy with nanomedicine

Professor Darrell Irvine has a new paper published in Nature on using nanomaterials to enhance immune-system treatments of cancer.

Therapeutic targeting of the immune system in cancer is now a clinical reality and marked successes have been achieved, most notably through the use of checkpoint blockade antibodies and chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy. However, efforts to develop new immunotherapy agents or combination treatments to increase the proportion of patients who benefit have met with challenges of limited efficacy and/or significant toxicity. The team of researchers discuss how nanomedicine-based treatment strategies are well suited to immunotherapy on the basis of nanomaterials’ ability to direct immunomodulators to tumours and lymphoid organs, to alter the way biologics engage with target immune cells and to accumulate in myeloid cells in tumours and systemic compartments. 

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