ZrO2-Supported Fe2O3 for Chemical-Looping-Based Hydrogen Production: Effect of pH on Its Structure and Performance As Probed by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Electrical Conductivity Measurements

TitleZrO2-Supported Fe2O3 for Chemical-Looping-Based Hydrogen Production: Effect of pH on Its Structure and Performance As Probed by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Electrical Conductivity Measurements
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsN. Yuzbasi, S, Kierzkowska, AM, Imtiaz, Q, Abdala, PM, Kurlov, A, Rupp, JLM, Muller, CR
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue34
Pagination18977 - 18985
Date Published2016/09/01/
Abstract

Chemical looping is a promising process to produce high purity H-2 while simultaneously capturing CO2. The key requirement for this process is the availability of oxygen carriers that possess a high cyclic redox stability, resistance to carbon deposition, and thermal sintering. in this study, ZrO2-supported Fe2O3-based oxygen carriers were developed using a coprecipitation technique. We assess in detail the influence of the key synthesis parameter, i.e., the pH value at which the precipitation was performed, on the morphological properties, chemical composition, local structure, and cyclic redox stability. The performance of the new oxygen carriers was compared to unsupported Fe2O3 and Al2O3-supported Fe2O3. A higher degree of disorder in the local structure of oxygen carriers precipitated at low pH values was confirmed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements. Electrical conductivity measurements showed that supporting Fe2O3 on ZrO2 lowered significant the activation energy for charge transport when compared to pure Fe2O3. In line with this observation, ZrO2-supported oxygen carriers displayed a very high and stable H-2 yield Over 15 redox cycles, when precipitation was performed at pH >5.