The synergetic effect of lithium polysulfide and lithium nitrate to prevent lithium dendrite growth

TitleThe synergetic effect of lithium polysulfide and lithium nitrate to prevent lithium dendrite growth
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLi, W, Yao, H, Yan, K, Zheng, G, Liang, Z, Chiang, YM, Cui, Y
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
Pagination7436
Date Published2015/06//
Abstract

Lithium metal has shown great promise as an anode material for high-energy storage systems, owing to its high theoretical specific capacity and low negative electrochemical potential. Unfortunately, uncontrolled dendritic and mossy lithium growth, as well as electrolyte decomposition inherent in lithium metal-based batteries, cause safety issues and low Coulombic efficiency. Here we demonstrate that the growth of lithium dendrites can be suppressed by exploiting the reaction between lithium and lithium polysulfide, which has long been considered as a critical flaw in lithium-sulfur batteries. We show that a stable and uniform solid electrolyte interphase layer is formed due to a synergetic effect of both lithium polysulfide and lithium nitrate as additives in ether-based electrolyte, preventing dendrite growth and minimizing electrolyte decomposition. Our findings allow for re-evaluation of the reactions regarding lithium polysulfide, lithium nitrate and lithium metal, and provide insights into solving the problems associated with lithium metal anodes.