The role of ceramic and glass science research in meeting societal challenges: Report from an NSF-sponsored workshop

TitleThe role of ceramic and glass science research in meeting societal challenges: Report from an NSF-sponsored workshop
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsFaber, KT, Asefa, T, Backhaus-Ricoult, M, Brow, R, Chan, JY, Dillon, S, Fahrenholtz, WG, Finnis, MW, Garay, JE, R. Garcia, E, Gogotsi, Y, Haile, SM, Halloran, J, Hu, J, Huang, L, Jacobsen, SD, Lara-Curzio, E, LeBeau, J, Lee, WE, Levi, CG, Levin, I, Lewis, JA, Lipkin, DM, Lu, K, Luo, J, Maria, J-P, Martin, LW, Martin, S, Messing, G, Navrotsky, A, Padture, NP, Randall, C, Rohrer, GS, Rosenflanz, A, Schaedler, TA, Schlom, DG, Sehirlioglu, A, Stevenson, AJ, Tani, T, Tikare, V, Trolier-McKinstry, S, Wang, H, Yildiz, B
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume100
Issue5
Pagination1777 - 1803
Date Published2017/05//
ISBN Number0002-7820
Keywordscalcium-magnesium-aluminosilicate, cold sintering process, defects, environmental barrier coatings, glass, grain-boundary, high-pressure, high-temperature ceramics, in-situ, layered ceramics, processing, silica glass, thin-film, transmission electron-microscopy, ultrahigh-temperature ceramics
Abstract

Under the sponsorship of the U.S. National Science Foundation, a workshop on emerging research opportunities in ceramic and glass science was held in September 2016. Reported here are proceedings of the workshop. The report details eight challenges identified through workshop discussions: Ceramic processing: Programmable design and assembly; The defect genome: Understanding, characterizing, and predicting defects across time and length scales; Functionalizing defects for unprecedented properties; Ceramic flatlands: Defining structure-property relations in free-standing, supported, and confined two-dimensional ceramics; Ceramics in the extreme: Discovery and design strategies; Ceramics in the extreme: Behavior of multimaterial systems; Understanding and exploiting glasses and melts under extreme conditions; and Rational design of functional glasses guided by predictive modeling. It is anticipated that these challenges, once met, will promote basic understanding and ultimately enable advancements within multiple sectors, including energy, environment, manufacturing, security, and health care.

Short TitleJ. Am. Ceram. Soc.