Phase stability of non-equiatomic CoCrFeMnNi high entropy alloys

TitlePhase stability of non-equiatomic CoCrFeMnNi high entropy alloys
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsMa, D, Yao, M, Pradeep, KG, Tasan, CC, Springer, H, Raabe, D
JournalActa Materialia
Volume98
Pagination288 - 296
Date Published2015/10/01/
Abstract

The objective of this study is to experimentally and theoretically investigate the phase stability of non-equiatomic FexMn62-xNi30Co6Cr2 based high entropy alloys, where x ranges from 22 to 42 at.%. Another aim is to systematically and critically assess the predictive capability of the CALPHAD approach for such high entropy alloy systems. We find that the CALPHAD simulations provide a very consistent assessment of phase stability yielding good agreement with experimental observations. These include the equilibrium phase formation at high temperatures, the constituent phases after non-equilibrium solidification processes, unfavorable segregation profiles inherited from solidification together with the associated nucleation and growth of low temperature phases, and undesired martensitic transformation effects. Encouraged by these consistent theoretical and experimental results, we extend our simulations to other alloy systems with equiatomic compositions reported in the literature. Using these other equiatomic model systems we demonstrate how systematic CALPHAD simulations can improve and accelerate the design of multicomponent alloy systems. (C) 2015 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.