Non-equiatomic high entropy alloys: Approach towards rapid alloy screening and property-oriented design

TitleNon-equiatomic high entropy alloys: Approach towards rapid alloy screening and property-oriented design
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPradeep, KG, Tasan, CC, Yao, MJ, Deng, Y, Springer, H, Raabe, D
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering a-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing
Volume648
Pagination183 - 192
Date Published2015/11/11/
Abstract

The high entropy alloy (HEA) concept has triggered a renewed interest in alloy design, even though some aspects of the underlying thermodynamic concepts are still under debate. This study addresses the shortcomings of this alloy design strategy with the aim to open up new directions of HEA research targeting specifically non-equiatomic yet massively alloyed compositions. We propose that a wide range of massive single phase solid solutions could be designed by including non-equiatomic variants. It is demonstrated by introducing a set of novel non-equiatomic multi-component CoCrFeMnNi alloys produced by metallurgical rapid alloy prototyping. Despite the reduced configurational entropy, detailed characterization of these materials reveals a strong resemblance to the well-studied equiatomic single phase HEA: The microstructure of these novel alloys exhibits a random distribution of alloying elements (confirmed by Energy-Dispersive Spectroscopy and Atom Probe Tomography) in a single face-centered-cubic phase (confirmed by X-ray Diffraction and Electron Backscatter Diffraction), which deforms through planar slip (confirmed by Electron-Channeling Contrast Imaging) and leads to excellent ductility (confirmed by uniaxial tensile tests). This approach widens the field of HEAs to non-equiatomic multi-component alloys since the concept enables to tailor the stacking fault energy and associated transformation phenomena which act as main mechanisms to design useful strain hardening behavior. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.