|Title||New regime of homogeneous flow in the deformation map of metallic glasses: elevated temperature nanoindentation experiments and mechanistic modeling|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Schuh, CA, Lund, AC, Nieh, TG|
|Pagination||5879 - 5891|
The character of plastic deformation in metallic glasses is investigated through instrumented nanoindentation experiments on amorphous Pd40Ni40P20 and Mg65Cu25Gd10. Using a customized experimental apparatus, nanoindentation experiments have been conducted over four decades of indentation strain rate and from ambient temperature up to the glass transition, allowing rapid evaluation of an extensive deformation map with only small volumes of experimental material. At low rates and temperatures, inhomogeneous or serrated flow is observed, owing to the discrete operation of individual shear bands. Two distinct regimes of homogeneous flow can be identified. The first, expected, regime of homogeneous flow corresponds to the onset of viscous deformation at high temperatures and low rates, and is well described by existing mechanistic models. The second homogeneous regime occurs at high deformation rates even well below the glass transition, and arises when deformation rates exceed the characteristic rate for shear band nucleation, kinetically forcing strain distribution. By extending an existing model for glass deformation to explore shear band nucleation kinetics, this second regime is quantitatively rationalized and the natural frequency for shear band nucleation is extracted from the data. From this analysis the critical radius of a shear band as it transitions from nucleation to propagation is estimated to be in the submicron range. (C) 2004 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.