Monolithic on-chip nonreciprocal photonics based on magneto-optical thin films

TitleMonolithic on-chip nonreciprocal photonics based on magneto-optical thin films
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsHu, J, Sun, XYin, Du, Q, Onbasli, M, Ross, CA
EditorBroquin, JE, Conti, GN
Book TitleIntegrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies Xx
PaginationUNSP - 97500W
PublisherSpie-Int Soc Optical Engineering
ISBN Number978-1-62841-985-6
Keywordsband, crystal, devices, diode, frequency, guide optical isolator, integration, magnetic garnets, Magneto-optical isolator, photonic integration, resonator, silicon photonics, wave-guide, yttrium-iron-garnet

Monolithic integration of nonreciprocal optical devices on semiconductor substrates has been a long-sought goal of the photonics community. One promising route to achieve this goal is to deposit high quality magneto-optical (MO) oxide thin films directly on a semiconductor substrate. In this article, we will review our ongoing progress in material development and device engineering towards enabling a monolithically integrated, high-performance magneto-optical nonreciprocal photonics platform. In particular, we will discuss our recent work which has led to a new pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique of Ce or Bi substituted yttrium iron garnet (YIG) thin films with reduced thermal budget, simplified growth protocols and improved magneto-optical characteristics. These materials were incorporated in monolithic resonator and interferometer based isolator devices to demonstrate on-chip optical isolation with improved device figure of merit. Challenges and opportunities for monolithic magneto-optical devices will be discussed in the context of our latest material and device performance metrics.