Low-Temperature Carbon Coating of Nanosized Li1.015Al0.06Mn1.925O4 and High-Density Electrode for High-Power Li-Ion Batteries

TitleLow-Temperature Carbon Coating of Nanosized Li1.015Al0.06Mn1.925O4 and High-Density Electrode for High-Power Li-Ion Batteries
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsLee, M-J, Lho, E, Bai, P, Chae, S, Li, J, Cho, J
JournalNano Letters
Volume17
Issue6
Pagination3744 - 3751
Date Published2017/06//
ISBN Number1530-6984
Keywordscapacity, carbon composite, cathode material, electrochemistry, High power density, high-energy, high-rate capability, lithium batteries, lithium ion battery, long cycle life, nanorods, performance, spinel cathode material, spinel limn2o4 nanowires, surface-chemistry
Abstract

Despite their good intrinsic rate capability, nanosized spinel cathode materials cannot fulfill the requirement of high electrode density and volumetric energy density. Standard carbon coating cannot be applied on spinel materials due to the formation of oxygen defects during the high-temperature annealing process. To overcome these problems, here we present a composite material consisting of agglomerated nanosized primary particles and well-dispersed acid treated Super P carbon black powders, processed below 300 degrees C. In this structure, primary particles provide fast lithium ion diffusion in solid state due to nanosized diffusion distance. Furthermore, uniformly dispersed acid-treated Super P (ASP) in secondary particle facilitates lower charge transfer resistance and better percolation of electron. The ASPLMO material shows superior rate capability, delivering 101 mAh g 1 at 300 degrees C-rate at 24 degrees C, and 75 mAh g(-1) at 100 degrees C-rate at 10 degrees C. Even after 5000 cycles, 86 mAh ClIcan be achieved at 30 degrees C=rate at 24 degrees C, demonstrating very competitive full-cell performance.

Short TitleNano Lett.