Interface-Engineered All-Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries Based on Garnet-Type Fast Li+ Conductors

TitleInterface-Engineered All-Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries Based on Garnet-Type Fast Li+ Conductors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
Authorsvan den Broek, J, Afyon, S, Rupp, JLM
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume6
Issue19
Pagination1600736
Date Published2016/10/12/
Abstract

All-solid-state Li-ion batteries based on Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO) garnet structures require novel electrode assembly strategies to guarantee a proper Li+ transfer at the electrode-electrolyte interfaces. Here, first stable cell performances are reported for Li-garnet, c-Li6.25Al0.25La3Zr2O12, all-solid-state batteries running safely with a full ceramics setup, exemplified with the anode material Li4Ti5O12. Novel strategies to design an enhanced Li+ transfer at the electrode-electrolyte interface using an interface-engineered all-solid-state battery cell based on a porous garnet electrolyte interface structure, in which the electrode material is intimately embedded, are presented. The results presented here show for the first time that all-solid-state Li-ion batteries with LLZO electrolytes can be reversibly charge-discharge cycled also in the low potential ranges (approximate to 1.5 V) for combinations with a ceramic anode material. Through a model experiment, the interface between the electrode and electrolyte constituents is systematically modified revealing that the interface engineering helps to improve delivered capacities and cycling properties of the all-solid-state Li-ion batteries based on garnet-type cubic LLZO structures.