High-rate aluminium yolk-shell nanoparticle anode for Li-ion battery with long cycle life and ultrahigh capacity

TitleHigh-rate aluminium yolk-shell nanoparticle anode for Li-ion battery with long cycle life and ultrahigh capacity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLi, S, Niu, J, Zhao, YCheng, So, KPyo, Wang, C, Wang, CAn, Li, J
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
Pagination7872
Date Published2015/08//
Abstract

Alloy-type anodes such as silicon and tin are gaining popularity in rechargeable Li-ion batteries, but their rate/cycling capabilities should be improved. Here by making yolk-shell nanocomposite of aluminium core (30nm in diameter) and TiO2 shell (similar to 3 nm in thickness), with a tunable interspace, we achieve 10 C charge/discharge rate with reversible capacity exceeding 650mAhg(-1) after 500 cycles, with a 3 mgcm(-2) loading. At 1 C, the capacity is approximately 1,200mAhg(-1) after 500 cycles. Our one-pot synthesis route is simple and industrially scalable. This result may reverse the lagging status of aluminium among high-theoretical-capacity anodes.