The Hall-Petch breakdown at high strain rates: Optimizing nanocrystalline grain size for impact applications

TitleThe Hall-Petch breakdown at high strain rates: Optimizing nanocrystalline grain size for impact applications
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsTrelewicz, JR, Schuh, CA
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume93
Issue17
Date Published2008/10/27/
Abstract

The breakdown of Hall-Petch strength scaling is investigated in nanocrystalline Ni-W alloys at high strain rates, using dynamic hardness testing at grain sizes ranging from 3 to 150 nm. Whereas quasistatic tests show a strength plateau below about 15 nm, high-rate tests (indentation strain rate of similar to 10(3) s(-1)) exhibit a pronounced strength peak and a regime of "inverse Hall-Petch" weakening. This effect is shown to be the result of a grain size-dependent rate sensitivity that exhibits a maximum at a grain size near 10-20 nm. High strain rates are also shown to promote shear banding at nanocrystalline grain sizes. (C) 2008 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3000655]