Electrodeposited Al-Mn alloys with microcrystalline, nanocrystalline, amorphous and nano-quasicrystalline structures

TitleElectrodeposited Al-Mn alloys with microcrystalline, nanocrystalline, amorphous and nano-quasicrystalline structures
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsRuan, S, Schuh, CA
JournalActa Materialia
Volume57
Issue13
Pagination3810 - 3822
Date Published2009/08//
Abstract

Al-Mn alloys with Mn content ranging, from 0 to 15.8 at.% are prepared by electrodeposition from an ionic liquid at room temperature, and exhibit a remarkably broad range of structures. The alloys are characterized through a combination of techniques, including X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy and calorimetry. For alloys with Mn content up to 7.5 at.% increasing Mn additions lead to a decrease in grain size of single-phase microcrystalline face-centered cubic (fcc) Al(Mn). Between 8.2 and 12.3 at.%, Mn, an amorphous phase appears, accompanied by a dramatic reduction in the size of the coexisting fcc crystal to the similar to 2-50 nm level. At higher Mn contents, the structure nominally appears entirely amorphous, but is shown to contain order in the form of pre-existing nuclei of the icosahedral quasicrystalline phase. Additionally, nanoindentation tests reveal that the nanostructured and amorphous specimens have very high hardnesses that exhibit complex trends with Mn content. (C) 2009 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.