DNA-Loaded Cationic Liposomes Efficiently Function as a Vaccine against Malarial Proteins

TitleDNA-Loaded Cationic Liposomes Efficiently Function as a Vaccine against Malarial Proteins
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsFotoran, WL, Santangelo, R, de Mirand, BNM, Irvine, DJ, Wunderlich, G
JournalMolecular Therapy-Methods & Clinical Development
Volume7
Pagination1 - 10
Date Published2017/12//
ISBN Number2329-0501
Keywordsantibodies, antigen, dendritic cells, gene-therapy, immune-responses, mice, plasmodium-vivax, protection, strategies, virus-like particles
Abstract

The delivery of antigens as DNA vaccines is an efficient alternative to induce immune responses against antigens, which are difficult to produce in recombinant form. However, the delivery of naked DNA is ineffective or relies on sophisticated ballistic devices. Here, we show a combination of liposome application and naked DNA vaccine that successfully overcomes these problems. Upon entrapment of plasmids encoding different antigens in cationic particles, transfection efficiencies similar to commercial kits were achieved in in vitro cell cultures. The liposome-based approach provided strong humoral responses against three malarial antigens, namely the Circumsporozoite protein and the C terminus of merozoite surface protein 1 from Plasmodium vivax (titers 10(4) or 10(3)-10(4), respectively) and P. falciparum Rhoptry antigen 5 from Plasmodium falciparum (titers 10(3)-10(4)). When employed in P. falciparum growth-inhibition assays, antibodies demonstrated consistent reinvasion-blocking activities that were dose dependent. Liposome-formulated DNA vaccines may prove useful when targets cannot be produced as recombinant proteins and when conformation-dependent and highly specific antibodies are mandatory.

Short TitleMol.Ther.-Methods Clin. Dev.