|Title||Determination of spin torque efficiencies in heterostructures with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Pai, C-F, Mann, M, Tan, AJun, Beach, GSD|
|Journal||Physical Review B|
|Keywords||domain-walls, driven, dynamics, field, layer, multilayers, orbit torques, weak ferromagnetism|
We report that by measuring a current-induced hysteresis loop shift versus in-plane bias magnetic field, the spin-Hall effect (SHE) contribution of the current-induced effective field per current density chi(SHE) can be estimated for Pt- and Ta-based magnetic heterostructures with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. We apply this technique to a Pt-based sample with its ferromagnetic (FM) layer being wedged deposited and discover an extra effective field contribution chi(Wedged) due to the asymmetric nature of the deposited FM layer. We confirm the correlation between chi(Wedged) and the asymmetric depinning process in FM layer during magnetization switching by magneto-optical Kerr microscopy. These results indicate the possibility of engineering deterministic spin-orbit torque switching by controlling the symmetry of domain expansion through the materials growth process.
|Short Title||Phys. Rev. B|