Aqueous semi-solid flow cell: demonstration and analysis

TitleAqueous semi-solid flow cell: demonstration and analysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLi, Z, Smith, KC, Dong, Y, Baram, N, Fan, FY, Xie, J, Limthongkul, P, Carter, WCraig, Chiang, YM
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Pagination15833 - 15839
Date Published2013///

An aqueous Li-ion flow cell using suspension-based flow electrodes based on the LiTi2(PO4)(3)-LiFePO4 couple is demonstrated. Unlike conventional flow batteries, the semi-solid approach utilizes fluid electrodes that are electronically conductive. A model of simultaneous advection and electrochemical transport is developed and used to separate flow-induced losses from those due to underlying side reactions. The importance of plug flow to achieving high energy efficiency in flow batteries utilizing highly non-Newtonian flow electrodes is emphasized.