Determination of spin torque efficiencies in heterostructures with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

TitleDetermination of spin torque efficiencies in heterostructures with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsPai, C-F, Mann, M, Tan, AJun, Beach, GSD
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume93
Issue14
Pagination144409
Date Published2016/04/08/
ISBN Number2469-9950
Keywordsdomain-walls, driven, dynamics, field, layer, multilayers, orbit torques, weak ferromagnetism
Abstract

We report that by measuring a current-induced hysteresis loop shift versus in-plane bias magnetic field, the spin-Hall effect (SHE) contribution of the current-induced effective field per current density chi(SHE) can be estimated for Pt- and Ta-based magnetic heterostructures with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. We apply this technique to a Pt-based sample with its ferromagnetic (FM) layer being wedged deposited and discover an extra effective field contribution chi(Wedged) due to the asymmetric nature of the deposited FM layer. We confirm the correlation between chi(Wedged) and the asymmetric depinning process in FM layer during magnetization switching by magneto-optical Kerr microscopy. These results indicate the possibility of engineering deterministic spin-orbit torque switching by controlling the symmetry of domain expansion through the materials growth process.

Short TitlePhys. Rev. B