Spin-orbit torques in Ta/TbxCo100-x ferrimagnetic alloy films with bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

TitleSpin-orbit torques in Ta/TbxCo100-x ferrimagnetic alloy films with bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsUeda, K, Mann, M, Pai, C-F, Tan, A-J, Beach, GSD
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume109
Issue23
Pagination232403
Date Published2016/12/05/
ISBN Number0003-6951
Keywordsdependence, domain-walls, dynamics, heterostructures, magnetoresistance, magnitude, thin-films
Abstract

We quantified the bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) and spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in bilayer Ta/TbxCo100-x ferrimagnetic alloy films with varying Tb concentration. The coercivity increases dramatically with increasing TbxCo100-x thickness and is enhanced by the presence of a Ta underlayer. The Ta underlayer simultaneously serves as a source of SOT due to the spin Hall effect, which we show provides an efficient means to manipulate the magnetization in bulk PMA materials. It is further shown that the sign of the anomalous Hall voltage is different for rare-earth (RE) and transition-metal (TM) dominated alloy compositions, whereas the sign of the SOT effective field remains the same, suggesting that the former is related to the TM sublattice magnetization whereas the latter is related to the net magnetization. Our results suggest that Ta/TbxCo100-x is a potential candidate for spin-orbitronic device applications and give insight into spin transport and SOTs in rare-earth/transition-metal alloys. Published by AIP Publishing.

Short TitleAppl. Phys. Lett.