Investigation of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and room temperature skyrmions in W/CoFeB/MgO thin films and microwires

TitleInvestigation of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and room temperature skyrmions in W/CoFeB/MgO thin films and microwires
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsJaiswal, S, Litzius, K, Lemesh, I, Buttner, F, Finizio, S, Raabe, J, Weigand, M, Lee, K, Langer, J, Ocker, B, Jakob, G, Beach, GSD, Klaeui, M
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume111
Issue2
Pagination022409
Date Published2017/07/10/
ISBN Number0003-6951
Keywordscurrent-driven dynamics, domain-walls, magnetic skyrmions, weak ferromagnetism
Abstract

Recent studies have shown that material structures, which lack structural inversion symmetry and have high spin-orbit coupling can exhibit chiral magnetic textures and skyrmions which could be a key component for next generation storage devices. The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction (DMI) that stabilizes skyrmions is an anti-symmetric exchange interaction favoring non-collinear orientation of neighboring spins. It has been shown that materials systems with high DMI can lead to very efficient domain wall and skyrmion motion by spin-orbit torques. To engineer such devices, it is important to quantify the DMI for a given material system. Here, we extract the DMI at the Heavy Metal/Ferromagnet interface using two complementary measurement schemes, namely, asymmetric domain wall motion and the magnetic stripe annihilation. By using the two different measurement schemes, we find for W(5nm)/Co20Fe60B20(0.6 nm)/MgO(2 nm) the DMI to be 0.68 +/- 0.05 mJ/m(2) and 0.73 +/- 0.5 mJ/m(2), respectively. Furthermore, we show that this DMI stabilizes skyrmions at room temperature and that there is a strong dependence of the DMI on the relative composition of the CoFeB alloy. Finally, we optimize the layers and the interfaces using different growth conditions and demonstrate that a higher deposition rate leads to a more uniform film with reduced pinning and skyrmions that can be manipulated by spin orbit torques. Published by AIP Publishing.

Short TitleAppl. Phys. Lett.