Copper Electrodeposition Kinetics Measured by Alternating Current Voltammetry and the Role of Ferrous Species

TitleCopper Electrodeposition Kinetics Measured by Alternating Current Voltammetry and the Role of Ferrous Species
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsWagner, M-E, Valenzuela, R, Vargas, T, Colet-Lagrille, M, Allanore, A
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume163
Issue2
PaginationD17 - D23
Date Published2016///
Abstract

Impurities and additives play a key role in copper electrodeposition, in particular in upstream processes such as electrowinning or electrorefining. One common impurity is iron, mostly present as iron species Fe(II) in highly concentrated sulfuric acid solutions and in a cathodic environment. Herein, the kinetics of copper electrodeposition from such solutions have been investigated using a copper rotating disk electrode and alternating current voltammetry (ACV). For a concentration of proton of 1.84 M and a concentration of Fe(II) ions of 0.054 M, the deposition kinetics are slow enough to separately observe the two electron transfer steps involved in copper reduction: an observation unique to ACV. The results suggest that Fe(II) ions affect the electrodeposition kinetic by slowing down reaction kinetics, in particular slowing the second electron transfer reaction. (C) The Author(s) 2015. Published by ECS.