Topotactic Interconversion of Nanoparticle Superlattices

TitleTopotactic Interconversion of Nanoparticle Superlattices
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMacfarlane, RJ, Jones, MR, Lee, B, Auyeung, E, Mirkin, CA
JournalScience
Volume341
Issue6151
Pagination1222 - 1225
Date Published2013/09/13/
ISBN Number0036-8075
Abstract

The directed assembly of nanoparticle building blocks is a promising method for generating sophisticated three-dimensional materials by design. In this work, we have used DNA linkers to synthesize nanoparticle superlattices that have greater complexity than simple binary systems using the process of topotactic intercalation-the insertion of a third nanoparticle component at predetermined sites within a preformed binary lattice. Five distinct crystals were synthesized with this methodology, three of which have no equivalent in atomic or molecular crystals, demonstrating a general approach for assembling highly ordered ternary nanoparticle superlattices whose structures can be predicted before their synthesis. Additionally, the intercalation process was demonstrated to be completely reversible; the inserted nanoparticles could be expelled into solution by raising the temperature, and the ternary superlattice could be recovered by cooling.